Modern Language Association

The Modern Language Association (MLA) has developed standardized methods of citing sources for research. The MLA has also formulated guidelines for citing electronic sources. The list of sources at the end of the text is called Works Cited.

Basic citation format:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of work." Article's original
       source and publication date: page numbers. Product name.
       Publisher. Date researcher visited site. <Electronic Address,
       or URL, of the source>.
For example:
Tator, Charles, James D. Carson, and Robert Cushman. "Hockey Injuries
       of the Spine in Canada, 1966-1996." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association
       Journal 162.6 (2000): 787.  Academic Search Elite EBSCOhost. 

       15 November 2000. <>.
Instead of footnotes or endnotes, the author's last name and a shortened version of the title are place in parentheses within the body of the text.

For example: (Tator, Carson, and Cushman, 787).

The examples shown above are basic examples of the MLA style. For more information on electronic reference formats recommended by the Modern Language Association, see the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers - Sixth Edition (2003) or the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing - Second Edition (1998). Basic information on MLA Style is available at

Note: When citing EBSCOhost, EBSCO is always uppercase, host is always lowercase, italics.