Romanticism (1780-1840)

The Romantic movement rebelled against the strictures of the Enlightenment.  If the ultimate value for the Enlightenment had been reason, now it was passion.  Passion (or will) + power = creativity.  The Romantics found creativity to be God's greatest attribute, and therefore they also sought to create.

According to traditional, reason should govern passion.  Romanticism reversed the hierarchy--passion now ruled reason.  Where ambition and rebellion had been traditional vices, now they were virtues.  Thus in this period Milton's Satan could change from villain to hero.