company of cavalry, and a battery of six pieces of light artillery. The troops •withdrawn will be first assembled at Fort Pillow. Dou't you think they might "be most needed for the impending conflict in your quarter?

I shall keep you thoroughly advised of all that may be done or directed on the river, as well as all the General's views or notions.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


JACKSON, TENN., March 15/A, 1862. Mnj.-Geul. J. P. McCoWN, care of Col. PICKETT, Union City:

Send down immediately to Fort Pillow all the negro force not required by yon, with all extra tools, and also Captain Harris, of Engineers.


HUMBOLDT, March IGth, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

The attack on the island commenced this morning early, and has continued up to this hour, 12 M. L. POLK.

To Genl. BBACBEQAHD : HUMBOLDT, Jtfon* 16(7,, 1862.

The following just received:

•"MADRID BEND, March 16th.

"General, —I received your despatch \vith Colonel Jordan's letter. I •will, if possible, execute your instructions. My experience makes me tremble for the result. The gunboats are now off the point, dropping down.

" J. P. McCoWN." L. POLK.

JACKSON, TENN., March IGth, 1862. To Brig.-Genl. McCowx, Madrid Bend:

Prepare fire-rafts to anchor mid-channel and lighten up at night.


JACKSON, TENN., March 17th, 1862. To Brig.-Geul. McCowx:

In face of exigencies you must exercise your own judgment as to reduction offeree hitherto directed; but cannot understand why you should tremble for result. What obstacles intervene to withdrawal as instructed?


HUMBOLDT, MarcJi 17th, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

The following just received from Colonel Pickett, 8.45 P. M., March 17th, Union City:

"General McCown writes, dated 7 A. M., over six hundred shot and shell thrown at us yesterday. Nobody hurt. They will soon open fire to-day.

" ED. PICKETT, Comdg. Post."


JACKSON, TEXX., March 17/fc, 1862. Col. W. R. HUNT, Ordnance Officer, Corinth :

General wishes twelve rifled guns yon mention sent to Fort Pillow in haste. Have they carriages ? If not, make them with all possihle despatch.



HUMBOLDT, March IStli, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

The following just received from General McCown :

" FOIIT PILLOW, March l&h, 1862. " General POLK :

'•In olM'dience to orders, I am here with six guns of Bankhead's battery, six guns Captain Stuart's battery; Colonel Neilly Mark's, Colonel Scott's, Colonel Kennedy's, Colonel Bradford's, and Colonel Travis's regiments. I directed Captain Neilly's squadron to be sent down as soon as they could be withdrawn from the position they occupied. I left with Colonel Walker the artillery, heavy; Colonel Steadman's, Colonel Gantt's, Colonel Baker's, Colonel Hender son Walker's, Colonel Clark's, and Colonel Terry's battalion. Also one coin-pan}' of Captain Stuart's battery, the least force that I think he can maintain his position with, and also two companies Mississippi cavalry. Terry's, Clark's, and Brown's regiments are small and badly armed. Should you desire a further removal of troops from Island No. 10, you can direct General Walker what troops to send. J. P. McCowx/'

L. POLK, M:ij.-Genl.


IlL'MBOLPT, March ISUt, 18C2. To Genl. BEAVREGARD:

I have received the accompanying despatch, and have replied and given him the following instructions : "To Maj.-Genl. McCowx, Cotndg. Fort Pillow :

"Your despatch of this morning, informing mo of your removal, received.

" I am gratified to know you have retired your troops so successfully. You will assume command at Fort Pillow, and take immediate measures for putting it in the most effective condition of defence. Please furnish me immediately a report of its condition in every department, and what you need. I am prom ised, by General Bragg, ten heavy shell-guns for your use there. They are now on the way. Is it possible for yon to obtain any heavy gnus from above (Island 10, etc.) ? Furnish me immediately a detailed report of your evacuation of New Madrid, and the retirement of your troops from the Bend, with such general information in regard to the condition of that post as will put me in possession of all important particulars, and send it to me by an intelligent officer.

"L. POLK/'

JACKSON, TEXX., March 18th, 18G2. Brig.-Geul. McCowx:

If driven from your post, guns will be spiked; also a shot driven in each, or load and wedge in shell, fuse down, so that gun will burst.

Even if Federal gunboats pass your batteries, transports cannot, so long as batteries are held and bravely worked. Nor can enemy's army cross river; but few would be crossed by gunboats; those can be easily repulsed by resolute attack. Post must be held, if possible for men to do it.


JACKSON, TEXX., March 18th, 1832. Brig.-Genl. McCowx:

The General approves your dispositions for defence of Madrid Bend and Island No. 10, but wishes you to resume the command there. It is said some of your transports were left at Madrid Bend ; if so, how many ? They must never fall in enemy's hands. Some of them might be sunk to obstruct channel near Mis souri shore. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

JACKSON, March 19th. Msij.-Genl. B. BRAGG, Corinth:

May not enemy really mean to operate on Purdy and Bethel. We must draw him into an engagement before he can bring up more of his forces. Must get accurate hourly information of his movements. Three regiments from Madrid Bend will be with yon in season, if transportation meets them at Bethel. Keep sharp lookout on Bethel and Purdy. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

JACKSON, TEXX., March 19th. Maj.-Genl. E. VAX DORX, on his way to Pocahoutas, care of Captain I. ADAMS,


Too late for movement on New Madrid, which is in possession of enemy ; but if, at any time, you can join your forces with mine, it will be best to do so.


Steamer Prince, six miles below TIPTOXVILLE, March 20///, 1 p. >i. Col. T. JORDAX :

Colonel, —I could not get to Tipton by the route I tried this morning. I shall try the swamp in the morning. I shall try to open communication by laud; have not heard from General Walker to-day. I shall also try to put boats at the ford or fords on the lake. I fear the result. Put Fort Pillow to fighting order and reinforce me if you can. J. P. McCowx.

JACKSOX, TEXX., March 21st. Brig.-Genl. J. P. McCowx, care Col. PICKETT, Union City:

Even if enemy effect crossing—scarcely probable—you can still defend posi tion of batteries for many days with proper detached field-works in their rear. The country looks to you for a determined defence of your position. Mean-

while, Fort Pillow will l»e made ready. Glean the country for provisions. Husband ammunition. G. T. BEAUHEGARD.

MADRID BEND, March 21*f, 1832,

via UNION CITY, 22d. "To Genl. BEAUREGARD:

11 General, —This command could not be withdrawn in any event. If llic enemy effects a landing it will be below this place, which would cut us off. The gunboats expected (eight) may assist in preventing a crossing. Hurry them up; we have to fight it out. The transports at No. 10 shall not fall into the hands of the enemy; we must bo reinforced. I regret any troops were removed from here. General Walker coincides with me in this.

" J. P. McCowN." The above received here just now, 11 o'clock A. M.

ED. PICKKTT, Jr., Comdg. Post.


MADRID BK xn, March 20/A, 1862,

via UNION CITY, 22d. To Col. T. JORDAN :

Colonel, —I arrived here this morning; found all going on well. General Walker's arrangements are satisfactory — as good as can be made with his force. I have left General Walker in immediate command. The enemy's forces on the other side are much scattered; if a force was sent to their rear via Gur-nieville, Ark., it would relieve the pressure on this command, and, if strong enough, capture the forces south of St. John's bayou. Read my last despatch.

J. P. McCowN, Maj.-Genl.

JACKSON, March 22d, 1S(V2. M:ij.-Genl. J. P. McCowN, Comdg. Madrid Bend, care Col. PICKKTT, Union


Van Dorn proposes to attack enemy in reverse at New Madrid. Be of good cheer and hold out. G. T. BEAURKGARD.

JACKSON, TENN., March 22rf, 1362. Ma.j.-Genl. J. P. McCowN, Madrid Bend :

You must be aware that you cannot, at this moment, be reinforced. Your command forms the garrison of that key to Mississippi Valley. Country ex pects yon to defend that post of honor to the last, or until we can relieve you by a victory here ; then to attack, in force, your adversary. Meanwhile, Pillow is being put in fighting order, for another stand, if need be. Send names of our boats above New Madrid; use them, if necessary, to obstruct channels in front of Island No. 10. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

UNION CITY, March 22d, 1862. To General BEAUREGARD :

Twenty-five or thirty canoes, three skiffs, and one ferry-flat on the lake.


Have ordered all to be collected at one point at once, and advised General Mc-Cown. Will report as soon as they are ready.

E. PICKETT, Jr., Comtlg. Post.

JACKSON, TENN., March 22d, 18G2. General A. S. JOHNSTON, Decatur:

I consider presence of Major Gilmcr indispensable at Fort Pillow for a few days. Safety of the place and Mississippi Valley may depend on.


JACKSON, TENN., March 23d, 1862. Brig.-Genl. A. P. STEWART, Comdg. Fort Pillow :

I want eight 32 or long 24 pounders for floating ranis. "Which can you spare best, and are they with or without carriages? Have you any field-battery? Do you want field-guns for land fronts ? G. T. BEAUREGARD.

JACKSON, TENN., March 24 th, 1862. Brig.-Genl. A. P. STEWART, Comdg. Fort Pillow :

A general court-martial will be ordered. Send worthless mules to Memphis. Engineers all remain ; Captain Harris as Chief. Major Gilrner, Engineer Corps, is en route for Fort Pillow. Send return, by mail, of all heavy ordnance and ammunition.

By order of General Beauregard. THOMAS JORDAN, A. A. Genl.


UNION CITY, March 24th, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

The following received here at 1 A. M. ED. PICKETT, Jr.


March 23d.

" General, —I hope Van Dorn will act promptly. I am not desponding yet. I know my position. One gunboat has sunk on a bar just beyond range. They are either trying to raise her, or removing the guns. Fire-rafts cannot be placed, as our batteries are under fire. When we reply it is slowly, waiting until they are where we want them. Have sent to Pillow for two hundred rifle shots.

" J. P. McCowN, Maj.-Genl. Comdg."


UNION CITY, March 25th, 1832. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

Very heavy firing at No. 10 since 5 A. M. Apparently broadsides.


CORINTH, Miss., March 27th, 1862. Miij.-Gcul. M. LOVELL, New Orleans:

I telegraphed two days ago I could arm eight gunboats at Fort Pillow with 32-pounders. Are these heavy enough ? G. T. BEAUREGARD.


MADRID BEND, March 26M, 1862. i-ta FORT PILLOW, 28/7*, 4 P. M. To Gcnl. BEAUREGARD :

Shelling continues slowly. I believe the enemy will attempt to cross at three or four points. I will do all I can to repel him if he attempts it. The negroes left here yesterday by order of General Polk. Additional works will go on slowly, as my force is so small and scattered. I think they will save the injured gun boat. I need three thousand infantry and the balance of Stewart's battery.

J. P. McCowN, Maj.-Genl. Conulg.

CORINTH, March 29//», 1862. Maj.-Genl. J. P. McCowN, Madrid Bend, care Col. PICKKTT, Union City :

General Maekall is ordered to relieve you. You -\vill then await orders at Memphis. Send immediately your (and subordinate) detailed reports of evac uation of New Madrid. G.T. BEATREGARD.

MADRID BEXD, March 29M, 1862.


'Tis said that the enemy arc cutting a way (a canal) from the foot of Island No. 8 to St. John's Bayou. Said to be progressing rapidly for their boats. Bom bardment still slowly continues. One of our gunboats eame up to Tiptonvillo last night; fired at seventeen times.

J. P. McCowN, Mjij.-Genl. Comdg.

CORINTH, Miss., March 31*/, 1862. Capt. JOHN ADAMS, Comdg. Memphis, Tenn.:

Bombardment of Island No. 10 and Madrid Bend commenced on 15th instant, continued constantly night and day. Enemy has fired several thousand 13-inch and rifle shells. On the 17th a grand attack with five gunboats and four mortar-boats, lasted nine hours. The result of bombardment to 28th instant, is, on our side, one man killed, none seriously wounded, and no damage to bat teries. Enemy had one gunboat disabled and another reported sunk.



FORT PILLOW, April 8//i, 1862. To Genl. BEAT-REGARD:

The enemy have taken Island 10; this place should be reinforced at once.

J. B. VILLEPIGUE, Brig. Comdg.

Have ordered two regiments from Memphis.



FORT PILLOW, April 13M, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

The gunboat Little Rebel, at New Orleans, is very small, well protected against shot, very swift, burns very little coal, and is much needed here for despatch boat, picket boat, etc. Can she be ordered up ? I suggest that Governor Har ris be requested to call out the militia in the four surrounding counties, and order them to report here, in case of an attack. Acting entirely on the defen sive alone has produced the worst effect. General Pope replies to the proposi tion for an exchange that he thinks there will be no difficulty in effecting an exchange at a more convenient time. I learn our men have been sent to Colum bus, Ohio, and other places. J. B. YILLEPIGUE, Brig.-Genl. Comdg.


FORT PILLOW, April IStli, 1862. To Genl. G. T. BEAUREGARD :

General Eust has arrived here, and, being my senior, will have to supersede me in the command. He has no orders to show. Please let me know if it is done by your direction. J. B. YILLEPIGUE, Brig.-Genl. Comdg.

CORINTH, April 13tf», 1862. Brig.-Genl. J. B. YILLEPIGUE, Comdg. Fort Pillow :

General Sam. Jones will take command at Fort Pillow. Meantime retain immediate command of post and carry on works. General Eust will encamp his troops near by until General Jones shall arrive.

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


FORT PILLOW, April Uth, 1862. To Genl. G. T. BEAUREGARD :

By order, I am here with three regiments and a battalion of my brigade. An attack by the gunboats and of the enemy's land forces in our rear imminent. Many of my men unarmed totally. Others indifferently. The force is inade quate if it was well armed. Can arms be forwarded immediately.

A. EUST, Brig.-Genl. C. S. A.


CORINTH, Miss., April 20th, 1862. Dr. E. K. MARSHALL, Yicksbnrg, Miss.:

Lear Sir, —The General has taken steps for the immediate, effective fortifica tion of the river near Vicksburg, and Captain D. B. Harris of his staff, an accoin-


plished engineer, has been directed to repair there for that purpose. The Gen eral wishes me to ask you to give Captain Harris all the aid in your power, especially to arouse your people to a sense of their duty to furnish the necessary labor in such measure that the work will go on with the proper celerity.

And in this connection the General directs me to say, he shall confidently expect the large slave-owners of the vicinity to come forward with their slaves, with the same alacrity and liberality that has characterized all other classes of our people during this war.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


CORINTH, April 24th, 1SG2. Brig.-Gcnl. A. RUST, at Fort Pillow :

Come down to Memphis with your brigade, except one regiment, to bo kept, at Randolph, as before directed. Five days' cooked subsistence, one hundred rounds ammunition when you leave Memphis.


CORINTH, April 27tJi, 1802. Captain D. B. HARRIS, Vicksbnrg:

Yes, construct proposed batteries and obstruct Yazoo.



FORT PILLOW, April 28/7*, 18G2. To Genl. G. T. BEAUREGARD :

Three companies artillery left for Corinth last night. Bombardment con tinues day and night. One man killed last night.

J. B. VILLKPIC.UE, Brig.-Gcnl. Comdg.

CORINTH, Miss., May 5M, 18G2. Brig.-Genl. J. B. VILLKPIGUI:, Fort Pillow, Tenn.:

You will judge when it is necessary to retire from Fort Pillow, via Covington and Somerville, or Ripley, Brownsville, Jackson, and Grand Junction, to this place. The enemy have no land force to fear.


CORINTH, Miss., May 13/7/, 1862. Genl. S. COOPER, A. and I. Genl., Richmond, Va.:

General Villepigue reports, "Scouts from Osceola say enemy's gunboats Man ml City and Caromlclct run aground to prevent sinking; another injured; one pilot and seventeen men killed.'' He thinks the report reliable. No firing from the enemy since this morning. Their mortar-boats have all been towed out of range. The " River Defence " men are greatly elated, and feel great con fidence in their boats.




CORINTH, April 8th, 1832. Genl. S. COOPER, A. and I. Genl., Richmond, Va.:

We are much iu need of at least two additional major-generals, and four ad ditional brigadier-generals; also one competent chief of artillery. I earnestly and urgently recommend Major-General Bragg for immediate appointment in General A. S. Johnston's place. G. T. BEAUREGARD.


CORINTH, Miss., April 8th, 1862. Brig.-Geul. J. C. BRECKINRIDGE, Comdg. Rear Guard, Mickey's House, Tenn.:

General, —Your letter of this date has been referred to the General command ing, who agrees with yon in the supposition that the movement of the enemy, reported to you, is but that of a recouuoissance, which, however, cannot be sup ported by artillery in the present state of the roads. The General expects to morrow the arrival of several fresh regiments of infantry, which will be scut to you at once. Meanwhile every effort will be made to repair the roads for the passage of your wagons and artillery when you retire. Two of the best guides available will be sent you. General Chalmers is still, and will remain, at Monterey with his brigade, until you are prepared to fall back. Please commu nicate with him so that he may be able to conform his movements with yours.

The General regards the Ridge road as the only practicable one at present.

Herewith is enclosed" a communication for the commanding officer of the Federal forces, which please have sent to him by a flag of truce. If the an swer is favorable you will detail a burial party from your cavalry to bury the dead as soon as practicable. Respectfully, your obedient servant,



CORINTH, Miss., April Slli, 1862. Brig.-General J. R. CHALMERS, Comdg. Brigade, A. of M.:

General, —Unless otherwise ordered by your immediate commanding officer, you will allow your command to rest at Monterey. Sending working parties to obstruct, by cutting down trees, removing bridges, etc., the bad places of the roads leading from Monterey to positions now, or which may be, occupied by the enemy, and which might be used by him in attacking you or in endeavoring to cut off your retreat, look particularly to the roads leading towards Hamburg, being careful, however, not to cut off our wagons, etc. Your working parties should consist of those details left as a guard to your encampments. As soon as your force shall have been sufficiently rested, you will retire to this place, on the best road from Monterey to the Ridge road, passing west of the White House. The necessary wagons will be furnished you, if possible; meanwhile you will have a guard to take care of and protect said baggage, or to destroy it,

whenever the advanced pickets will give notice of the approach of the enemy. You will collect together as much cavalry as you shall think necessary, to act as mounted pickets and guards on tho roads leading into Monterey, placing them sufiicieutly far in advance to give timely notice of the approach of tho enemy.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Geill. Comdg.

ConiXTir, April 8th, 1802. Commodore G. X. UOLLIXS, Fort Pillow, care Capt. ADAMS, Memphis:

Propose in my name an exchange of prisoners under flag of truce, according to scale established by Federal War Department, as soon as possible. The ex change to be made by river, my prisoners being at Memphis,™ route for interior.



April Hf/i, 1862. Maj.-Genl. U. S. GRANT, Comdg. 1 T . S. Forces near Pittsburg, Tenn.:

Sir, —At the close of the conflict of yesterday, my forces being exhausted by the extraordinary length of time during which they were engaged with yours on that and tho preceding day, and it being apparent that you had received, and were still receiving, large reinforcements, I ft-lt it my duty to withdraw my troops from the immediate scene of conflict.

Under these circumstances, in accordance with the usages of war, I shall transmit this under a flag of truce, to ask permission to send a mounted party to the battle-field of Shiloh, for the purpose of giving decent interment to my dead.

Certain gentlemen wishing to avail themselves of this opportunity to remove the remains of their sons and friends, I must request for them tho privilege of accompanying the burial party, and in this connection I deem it. proper to say, that I am asking only what I have extended to your own countrymen, under similar circumstances. Respectfully, General, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


CORINTH, Miss., April 8th, 1862. Brig.-Gcnl. J. R. CHALMERS:

General, —Tho general commanding wishes that your movements, if practi cable, shall conform strictly with those of General Brcckinridge at tho Mickey House. Respectfully, General, your obedient servant,



CORINTH, Miss., April 9//j, 1862. 3cnl. JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE, Comdg. Rear Guard, etc.:

General, —Your note of this morning has been laid before the General, who

directs mo to say : a regiment, Newman's, will be sent out to meet your com mand at the intersection of the Ridge road with one from Monterey to Purdy; to which point you are authorized to retire at once. A number of men were also sent forward this morning—the guards left here in the encampment of the several regiments. As soon as these troops and Newman's regiment shall join, you will place Colonel Wheeler, 19th Alabama Volunteers, in command of the demi-brigade, and your present command, except the cavalry, may then be withdrawn to this place without further delay.

The General regrets exceedingly to hear of your indisposition, but trusts it is only a transient ill, from which you will soon recover, so that he and the country may have the benefit of your highest physical and mental faculties in the campaign inaugurated.

Enclosed are two open letters, which please transmit by the burial party, should the sending of the latter be assented to by the enemy.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


CORINTH, April Vtli, 1882. Gcnl. S. COOPER, Richmond, Va.:

All present probabilities are that whenever the enemy moves on this position, he will do so with an overwhelming force of not less than eighty-five thousand men. We can muster only about thirty-five thousand effectives. Van Dorn may possibly join us in a few days with fourteen thousand more. Can we not be reinforced by Pemberton's army? If defeated here we lose the Mississippi Valley, and, probably, our cause; whereas we could even aiford to lose, for a while, Charleston and Savannah, for the purpose of defeating Buell's army, which would not only insure us the Valley of the Mississippi, but our inde pendence. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 9th, 1862. Genl. S. COOPER, Richmond, Va.:

What shall I do with prisoners now on hand — about three thousand?— Meanwhile, I have ordered to Tuscaloosa, via Mobile. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 13th, 1802. Mnj.-Genl. E. K. SMITH, Chattanooga, Tenn.:

Six regiments from Pemberton on way to join yon; add to them three of yours which failed to get by Huntsville, and with your forces dash at Mitchell and take him in reverse. G. T. BEAUREGARD.


CORINTH, Miss., April 13/A, 18G2.

Maj.-Genl. U. S. GRANT, Comdg. Forces of United States, Pittsburg, West Tenn.: General, —Your communication of yesterday, by flag of truce, enclosing the application of Colonel Battle for exchange, has been received, and I hasten to answer as soon as my pressing engagements have permitted.

Although Colonel Battle may be disabled for active service, I will neverthe-

less exchange him for an officer of the same rank, provided you will indicate one who did command a brigade in your expedition.

Bat the prisoners of war having been sent to the interior, the colonel you may desire to have in exchange will have to be sent for, and will be delivered at some point to be arranged hereafter. Meantime, I hope you will feel author ized to permit Colonel Battle to, be released on his parole, so that, as soon as practicable, he may have the benefit of the care of his family and friends in his injured condition.

I have been induced to make this distinction in connection with colonels commanding brigades, because I have observed that nearly, if not all, brigades in the United States' service, during this war, are in command of colonels, while in the Confederate service most of our brigades arc commanded by brigadiers; consequently, unless some such distinction shall be regarded, we may sutler ma terially in exchanges.

I propose, also, in a few days, either to permit the medical officers of your army in my possession to return to your camp, or to send them, by the Missis sippi River, to General Pope.

Respectfully, General, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEATRECIARI), Genl. Comdg.

COHIXTII, Miss., April Utli, 1SG2. Genl. S. COOPER, Adj.-Genl., Richmond, Vn.:

As directed by President, I send a list of officers for immediate promotion: Brigadier-Generals Brcckinridgo and Ilindman, for major-generals; Colonels Thos. Jordan, Win. Preston, Alfred Mouton, Geo. Manney, Preston Smith, J. S. Marmaduke, J. D. Martin, and Danl. Adams, for brigadier-generals; Captain John Morgan, Ky., to be colonel of cavalry.

Please answer by telegraph. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April Uih, 18G2. Maj.-Gcnl. E. K. SMITH, Knoxvillo, Tenn.:

Shall call the Pemberton regiments here under the circumstances. But sug gest that movement you indicate, and urge War Department to send you the troops for it by all means, and without hesitation, and I will throw a brigade of cavalry across the river to aid you. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April Uth, 1862. Genl. S. COOPER, Adj.-Genl., Richmond, Va.:

Pemberton's troops cut off by the Memphis and Charleston Road; should be sent to mo by way of Mobile. Cannot General Kirby Smith be furnished from seaboard with a division to make a diversion on Nashville and enemy's rear, now open and vulnerable ? He proposes such a movement. With celerity, it is emi nently practicable. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April Uth, 18G2. Brig.-Gciil. E. S. EIPLEY, Charleston, S. C.:

Troops must not go to Kirby Smith now. Circumstances altered by burning of railroad bridge. Hence let all be sent here at once via Mobile.



CORINTH, Miss., April 16th, 1862. Brig.-Gcnl. H. LITTLE, Ricnzi, Miss.:

General, —I am instructed by the General to say that he wishes you to exam ine the country for the distance of five miles to the south and west of Rienzi, with a view to ascertaining its fitness for an encampment for twenty-five thou sand men. Look especially into the question of abundance of good water and wood. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

Tuos. JORDAN, A. Adj.-Genl.


CORINTH, Miss., April 16th, 1832. Geul. SAM. COOPER, A. and I. Genl. C. S. A., Richmond:

General, —1 fear that Colonel Northrop, Chief of the Subsistence Department, is disposed or determined to ignore the presence with, these headquarters of Lieutenant-Colonel Lee of his department, the officer next in rank in it to him self, and one of the largest experience in our service, sent here, as you are aware, on my application, because of that experience.

Circumstances convince me that I am not mistaken, and, unless Colonel Northrop is led to change his course, the service and the country will suffer. His attempts to communicate directly with subordinates to Colonel Lee, and not to communicate at all with Colonel Lee, are palpably disrespectful to the authority that sent the Colonel to my staff, as well as to me, and I trust Col onel Northrop will be made to understand this before he can do any material mischief.

I trust the department will understand that I have only noticed this matter because I feared injury to great public interests might result if I were silent; and I beg to add that my attention to this matter has not been attracted by any complaint from Colonel Lee.

Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Conulg.

CORINTH, April 22d, 1862. Maj.-Genl. VAN DORN, Memphis:

You may as well begin sending your troops here by brigades at once.


CORINTH, April 23d, 1862. Maj.-Genl. VAN DORN, Memphis :

Information about Hamburg true. Send on your troops rapidly. Battery horses, too, if possible. Rust must hold himself ready to move, if required.



CORINTH, Miss., April 24/7*, 1862. Msijor E. E. McLEAX, Chief Quartermaster, A. of M. :

Major, —Colonel Morgan is about starting on an important military expedition beyond the Tennessee Kiver; and the general commanding directs that he be furnished with fifteen thousand dollars for the wants of his expedition. As there may be no bonded quartermaster with him, yon are authorized and in structed to take his official receipts for the same. You may turn over to him, as a part of said sum, the sum of one thousand dollars, turned over to you the other day by Captain John Adams.

Kespectfully, your obedient servant,

THOS. JORDAN, A. Adj.-Genl.

CORINTH, April 25fA, 1802. Capt. D. B. HARRIS, Chief-Engineer, Vicksburg:

Two 10-inch guns and eighty-live hundred jxniuds powder, subject to your order at Jackson, Miss. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 2G//1, 1SG2. Maj.-Genl. M. LOVELL, Tangipaho:

Yes, look out for Jackson and Vicksburg, but we may require you here soon.


CORINTH, April 28//J, 18(52. 8. KIRKPATRICK, Grenada, Miss.:

Send guns to Vicksburg. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 29tf, 18C2. Col. J. L. AUBREY, Comdg. Vicksburg, Miss. :

Guns have been ordered to Jackson, Mississippi, subject to order of Captain Harris. Let him send an agent there to forward them to him as wanted. Gov ernor Pettus has been ordered to send one regiment of Volunteers to report to you. They will be armed as soon as possible. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, Miss., April 29///, 1882. Maj.-Genl. M. LOVELL, Camp Moore, Tangipaho, La.:

Should you determine not to return to New Orleans, can you not .send one regiment to Vicksburg with some artillerists, and come here immediately with balance of forces? I expect soon another battle. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 30//i. 18C2. Maj.-Genl. M. LOVELL, Tangipaho, La. :

Send General Smith as soon as practicable, with one regiment and artiller ists, to fortify and defend river below Vicksburg. Heavy guns are at Jackson, Mississippi. Get all the arms you can, and arm new Mississippi regiments to wend here immediately. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, April 29th, 1862. Com. R. F. PINCKNEY, Fort Pillow, Tcun.:

We are fortifying Vickslmrg to guard river from below. Would it not be preferable to send the boats we proposed dismantling, to assist the defence at that point, instead of fortifying Randolph ? Consult General Villepigue.



CORINTH, Miss., April 29th, 1862. Col. TIIOS. CLAIBORXE, Comdg. Cavalry :

Colonel, —The Commander of the Forces instructs me to inform you that your regiment has been assembled at Trentou for an important service, requiring great vigor and secrecy of movement, and the utmost coolness and resolution on the part of officers and men. Colonel Jackson has also been ordered to con centrate his regiment at Trenton, for the same purpose.

When both regiments shall have arrived and are ready for the field, yon will assume command of the expedition, and march upon Paducah, Kentucky, with as much celerity as may be judicious for your animals. You are expected to move with the least possible baggage and subsistence, and, by a coup de main, enter Paducah, capture its garrison, and destroy the large amount of stores un derstood to have been accumulated there.

Any steamboats that you may be able to seize, of course will be burned.

Arms captured, if any, will be brought away, if possible, without endangering your command.

Detailed instructions cannot be given for your movements. The garrison of the place is believed to be small, much inferior to the force you will be able to command; and, should you be able to move with sufficient celerity, you can surprise the place and effect the purposes of the expedition, with brilliant suc cess—that is, can destroy their supplies, capture prisoners, and greatly disturb their communications.

Show this communication to Colonel Jackson.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,


P. S. Of course, you will so arrange your movements as to dash on to Padu cah about daybreak. You should give out by the wayside that you are the ad vance guard of General Van Dorn, en route to take possession of mouth of river, to cut off retreat of enemy while we take him in front; General Price, mean while, to cross the Tennessee and march on Nashville. T. J., A. A. G.


CORINTH, Miss., Mat/ 1st, 1862. Gcnl. SAML. COOPER, Adj. and Insp. Genl., Richmond, Va.:

General, —I have the honor to submit herewith a General Order, which I have published in connection with, and regulating the subsistence of, this army; the operation of which, I am assured, will be in the interest of all concerned, and

\vliicli, I trust, will receive the sanction of the War Department. Jnst, how ever, as this order was ready for publication, Lieutenant-Colonel Lee, Chief of Subsistence, received the following telegram from Colonel Northrop, dated April 29th, 18G2:

" By order of the Secretary of War, the ration is reduced to half pound of ba con or pork and one pound of beef, and not exceeding one and a half pound of Hour or corn-meal."

In the name of my men I most respectfully, but urgently, protest against such a reduction of the substantial part of the ration. In the orders I have the hon or to submit, the greatest reduction has been made that tho meat ration will bear; and, as will be perceived, this retrenchment is partially made up to tho soldier by an increase of tho rico ration. But for the disaster at Xew Orleans, I should have felt it my duty to add, likewise, to tho sugar ration, as affording a cheap and healthy nutritious addition to tho diet of the soldiers in this cli mate.

I shall carry out the orders enclosed until otherwise instructed by the War Department. Respectfully, your obedient servant,



CORINTH, Miss., Mai/ llth, 1^02. Col. R. B. LEE, Chief of Subsistence, etc.:

Colonel, —The Commandcr-in-Chief wishes you to establish a sub-depot of sub sistence at cither Saltillo or Baldwin, on or near the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, with the least delay practicable—say of one hundred thousand rations. Please report execution of these instructions.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,



CORINTH, Miss., May llth, 1862. Col. W. G. GILL, Chief of Ordnance :

Colonel, —The General wishes you to provide an ample supply of signal rock ets. There are some one hundred and eighty now on hand; possibly some of which, however, are not good. He expects to use them frequently to disturb the enemy at night. Respectfully, your obedient servant,


CORINTH, Miss., May IS///, 18G2. Maj.-Genl. VAN DORN, Danville Road, etc.:

Position '•/>'" is more advantageous, provided enemy would attack; but I fear he is advancing with gradual approaches. It would bo well to have him closely reconnoitred from the direction of Hardee's pickets, if practicable; oth erwise, from your own. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, May 18th, 10.30 A. M. Maj.-Geul. VAX DORN, near Corinth :

Bragg has recalled his troops to their encampments, having ascertained that the enemy was not preparing for battle, but was out only to work. Let me know in time if he should turn out again, to support or act with you.




9£ h. P. M. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

Will put everything in complete readiness to-morrow. Will see you in the morning. EARL VAN DORN.



9 h. P. M. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

It is dark and rainy, but the movement is within possibility. I will go to work again to reopen the crossing of Clear Creek to-night, and will make every effort to be in position by 8 o'clock to-morrow, if you think it advisable to do so. If it is of the greatest importance, however, I must say that the promises are not so bright as they would probably be by starting to-morrow evening. It is extremely dark, and it will rain heavily, I think. Men will not be cheerful, and many will remain, under plea of sickness, who would otherwise go. I will await your telegram, to say go or wait.

Truly and respectfully, EARL VAX DORN, Maj.-Ccnl.

CORINTH, May 20M, 1862. Mnj.-Gcnl. VAN DORN :

Weather being so threatening, we had better wait as you propose.



CORINTH, Miss., May 19th, 1862. Genl. SAM. COOPER, Adj. and Insp. Genl., Richmond, Va.:

Sir, —Since the battle of Shiloh, when I assumed command of the Western Department, and the fall of New Orleans, which latter event has placed the Mis sissippi River, from its mouth to Vicksburg, under the control of the enemy, no instructions from the War Department, relative to the policy of the government and the movements of the armies of the Confederacy, have been received by me. In the absence of such instructions, I deem it advisable to lay before the depart ment, in as few words as practicable, my reasons for still holding this position against a much stronger force of the enemy in my front, even at the risk of a defeat, instead of retiring into the interior of the country along the Mobile and Ohio or Memphis and Charleston Railroad, which would draw him after me and increase the obstacles he would have to encounter in his inarch.

It is evident that Corinth, situated at the intersection of those two railroads, presents the advantage, besides its favorable local features for defence, of pos sessing those two main arteries for the supplies of a large army. By its aban donment, only one of those roads could then be relied upon for that object. If the enemy took possession of this strategic point, he would at once open his communications, by railroad, with Columbus and Paducah, in his rear, and Iluntsville, on his left flank, and thus relieve himself of the awkward position in which he is about to find himself by the rapid fall of the Tennessee River.

It is evident, also, that the true line of retreat of the forces at this point is along the Mobile and Ohio road towards Meridian, and thence towards Mont gomery, so as to bo able, as a last resort, to unite with the armies of the East. This lino not only covers the railroad and river lines of communication to Selma-and Montgomery, but also, from a position along the Mobi'le and Ohio Railroad, the enemy would expose his railroad lines of communication, already referred to, if In: should attempt to move on to Memphis. But if he should march in force on tho latter place, to change his lines of communication, Forts Pillow and Randolph, on tho Mississippi River, would have to bo abandoned. This would give the enemy command of the Mississippi River from Vieksbnrg to tho Ohio and Missouri rivers, and enable him to concentrate a large force against Vicksburg. Th;> fall of tho latter place would endanger our line of communi cation thence to Meridian and Selma (the latter portion now nearly completed), and the armies of the; Mississippi and of the West would soon be compelled to abandon the whole State of Mississippi and another large portion of Alabama, to take refuge behind the Alabama River.

It might be asked : Why not retreat along tlie Memphis and Charleston Rail road towards the Mississippi River? The reason is obvious. Cut oil'from com munication with the East, tho State of Mississippi could not long support a large army. It might also bo asked: Why not attempt to hold both the Mem phis and Charleston and the Mobile and Ohio railroads T Because, being already inferior in numbers to the enemy, should we divide our forces, it would not take him long to destroy both fractions.

Thus it becomes essential to hold Corinth to tho last extremity, if tho odds are not too great against us, even at the risk of a defeat. Should the depart ment judge otherwise, however, I stand ready to carry its views into effect as soon as practicable, r.s my only desire is to save the cause and serve the country. I remain, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

0. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


CORINTH, Miss., Hay 20th, l&Q*. Major-Genl. II. W. ILu.LrrK. Comdg. V. S. Forces:

General, —I have this day been informed by Brigadier-General Villepigne, commanding Confederate forces at Fort Pillow, that two hundred exchanged prisoners were sent to him on yesterday, and that these prisoners had the small pox among them. I have directed General Villepigue to return them forthwith.

I presume that all this lias been done without your knowledge, as your com munication on the subject of the exchange of prisoners I regarded as an agree ment on fair and equal terms.

To send us prisoners afflicted with contagious diseases of a dangerous and deadly character, is, in my judgment, violative of all ideas of fairness and justice as well as humanity.

For all prisoners, therefore, surrendered by Confederate officers, I shall insist, General, that they are entitled, by every claim of fairness and justice, to demand, in exchange, an equal number of prisoners in like condition of those sent back to you. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Geiil. Corndg.



I find I must reopen the road across Clear Creek. I will march this evening, if we do not have a rain-storm, which now seems to be threatening.

EARL VAN DORN, Msij.-Genl.


HEADQUARTERS, Man 20 ^» 1862, 4 p. M. To Genl. BEAUREGARD:

There is every prospect of a heavy rain ; shall I postpone the movement un til morning or next evening ? I find, too, some difficulty in reopening crossings of Clear Creek. Answer quick. EARL VAN DORN.

CORINTH, May 20llt, 1862. Miij.-Genl. VAN DORN, Comdg. A. W.: Delay the movement twenty-four hours.



HEADQUARTERS, May 20tlt, 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

I have just learned that five hundred cavalry were seen yesterday morning marching towards Biernsville.

Captain Reeves saw about that number going in that direction to-day.


CORINTH, May 20tlt, 1862. Maj.-Genl. VAN DORN, Comdg. A. W.:

What think you of weather and of making move in morning? ? Tis impor tant to make it soon as possible. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, May 22(7,1362. Maj.-Genl. L. POLK, Mobile and Ohio Railroad :

All right, keep from discovery. Bragg is ready near, waiting for Van Doru. Ho will soon bo ready. I send you his message. We have defeated the enemy in Western Virginia and New Mexico. We may bo on the flood. Let pickets do as usual. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, May 22(7, 1862,2 P. M. Genl. B. BRAGG, Farmington road:

Van Dorn cannot get in position. Movement delayed to another time. Re turn troops to their positions. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

CORINTH, May 22(7, 1362, 3.15 p. M. Maj.-Genl. E. VAN DORN, Widow Smith's:

Have ordered all the troops back to their encampments for tho present.


CORINTH, May 22(7,1862, 2 P. M. Maj.-Genl. L. POLK:

Movement is delayed to future time. Take back your commands to their usual positions. Van Doru could not get into position.




General, —I \\i\l remain in tho neighborhood of tho telegraph for an hour or two, and will be pleased to receive further orders by telegraph, if you have any.

L. POLK, Maj.-Geul.


FOLK'S STATION, May 22r?, 1862, 2.30 p. M. Genl. BEAURF.GARD :

Your despatch of 2 P. M. received; tho troops will bo retired as you have or dered. Five distinct columns of smoke are visible in front,extending apparent ly from tho Memphis and Charleston to the Mobile and Ohio Railroad.



HEADQUARTERS, May 22(7,1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

Just in; note received; will come in. General, don't be too much disappointed with me, you can't imagine what I have had to contend with.




A prisoner just captured, who was in hunt of water, says there is a brigade in


front which lias been lying on its arms for the last two days; which brigade is on the Purdy road, one mile in rear of its pickets. He also says there is a brigade on the right of his brigade extending towards the trail road; also says that the enemy have thrown up intreuchments across the Purdy road, one mile in rear of his pickets, on which they have planted batteries with abatis in front; he says that Sigel was in our front inspecting batteries two days ago. I have sent him to you. I hear through Colonel Wirt Adams that two or three de serters from some regiment, designation not known, passed our lines last night and went over to the enemy. I will investigate further.

L. POLK, Maj.-Genl.

CORINTH, Miss., Sunday Night, May 25tfi, 1862.

Dear General, —I have thought it proper to reduce my views to writing on the subject we were discussing to-day. You will give them whatever weight they deserve; they are honestly entertained. I think our situation critical, and what ever is resolved on should be carried promptly into execution. With best wishes for your success and an honest desire to serve you and our cause,

I remain, very truly your friend, \V. J. HARDEE.

Genl. BEAUREGARD, Comdg., etc.


CORINTH, Miss., May 25fft, 1862.

The situation at Corinth requires that we should attack the enemy at once, or await his attack, or evacuate the place.

Assuming that we have fifty thousand men and the enemy nearly twice that number, protected by iutreuchments, I am clearly of opinion that no attack should be made. Our forces are inferior, and the battle of Shiloh proves that with only the advantage of position it was hazardous to contend against his superior strength, and to attack him in his intrenchments now would probably inflict on ns and the Confederacy a fatal blow. Neither the number nor in struction of our troops renders them equal to the task.

I think we can successfully repel any attack upon our camp by the enemy; but it is manifest no attack is meditated; it will be approached gradually, and will be shelled and bombarded without equal means to respond. This will com pel us to make sorties against his intrenched positions under most adverse cir cumstances, or to evacuate the place. The latter seems to me inevitable. If so, the only remaining question is, whether the place should be evacuated before, or after, or during its defence.

After fire is opened, or the place is actively shelled or bombarded, or during such an attack, it will be difficult to evacuate the place in good order. With a large body of men imperfectly disciplined, any idle rumor may spread a panic, and inextricable confusion may follow, so that the retreat may become a rout. The same objections would apply to any partial or feeble defence of the place and re-attempt to evacuate it in the meanwhile. If the defence be not deter mined or the battle decisive, no useful result would follow, but it would afford

an opportunity to our enemies to magnify the facts, give them a pretext to claim a victory and to discourage our friends at home and abroad, and diminish, if not destroy, all chances of foreign intervention.

Under these circumstances I think the evacuation, if it be determined upon, should be made before the enemy opens fire, and not coupled with a sortie against his intreuchmeuts, or partial battle. It should bo done promptly if at all. Even now the enemy can shell our camp. It should be done in good order, BO as not to discourage our friends or give a pretext for the triumph of our enemies.

With the forces at our disposition, with a vast territory behind us, with a patriotic and devoted people to support us, the enemy as ho moves southward, away from rivers and railroads, would find insurmountable obstacles in moving columns so heavy that wo cannot strike them, and over a country where his mechanical superiority will not avail him.

If we resolve to evacuate, every hour of delay only serves to augment our difficulties. The enemy every day grows stronger on our flanks, and menaces more and more our communications. If ho effects his designs, wo must fight at every disadvantage or retreat disastrously. History and our country will judge us, not by the movement, but its consequences.

Respectfully submitted, W. J. HARDEE, Maj.-Genl.

Gcnl. G. T. BEAUREGARD, Comdg., etc.

CORINTH, Miss., May 2GM, 18G2.

I concur fully in the above views, and already all needful preparations are be ing made for a proper and prompt evacuation of this place.

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Gcnl. Comdg.

CoRiNTir, Miss., May 2G//J, 18G2.

Dear General, —I fully concur in the views contained in your letter of the 25th instant, received last night, and I had already commenced giving orders to my chiefs of stair departments for their execution. But everything that is done must be done under the pica of the intention " to take the offensive" at the op portune moment. Every commander of corps must get everything ready to move at a moment's notice, and must see to the proper condition of the roads and bridges his corps is to travel upon.

Thanking you for your kind wishes, I remain, yours truly,


Maj.-Genl. W. J. HARDEE, near Corinth, Miss.


CORINTH, Miss., Jfay 2G//t, 1862. Mnj.-Cenl. MANSFIELD LOVELL, Vicksburg, Miss.:

(Iciurdl, —Your favors of 25th and 2Gth instant have just been received. I telegraphed you yesterday relative to General Ruggles's position, which I hope is settled for the present. The great point is to defend the river at Vicksburg. The question of who does it must be of a secondary consideration. The troops

of your command are there, and I think it but fair that you should direct the operations at that point, and you have my warmest wishes for your success. By the copy of War Department order which I ordered to be enclosed to you a few days ago, you will perceive that Vicksburg is in my department and Jack son in yours; but I attach only little importance to this matter; all that I de sire is success to our arms and to our cause.

With regard to your appeal for small arms, I should be most happy to send them to you if they could be spared from here at this critical moment; but be ing on the eve of a battle with a powerful enemy, close in niy front, it becomes impossible to grant your request, for a defeat here would result in the loss of the whole Mississippi Valley, including your force, and the points you are now holding. With regard to the defence of the railroads you refer to, the best way of accomplishing it is to remove the cars and engines and to destroy a few bridges; they could not then be used by the enemy. As soon, however, as I can return you some arms it shall be done. I can only express again my re gret at not having here the available force at present with you, for I care more about my front at this moment than 1 do for my rear.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


General, —Your letter of the 19th instant has just been received. Although no instructions have been given as to the military operations within your de partment since its command devolved on you, yet your condition and move ments have been the subject of anxious consideration. Full reliance was felt in your judgment and skill and in the bravery of your army, to maintain the great interest of the country, and to advance the general policy of the govern ment. It was also hoped that the victory of Shiloh would have enabled you, upon the arrival of your reinforcements, to reoccupy the country north of you, and to have re-established the former communications enjoyed by the army. This hope is still indulged, and every effort will be made, as has heretofore been done, to strengthen you by all the means within the control of the department.

Should, however, the superior numbers of the enemy force you back, the lino of retreat indicated by you is considered the best, and in that event, should it be inevitable, it is hoped you will be able to strike a successful blow at the en emy if he follows, which will enable you to regain the ascendency and drive him back to the Ohio.

The maintenance of your present position, with the advantages you ascribe to it, so long as you can resist the enemy and subsist your army, is, of course, preferable to withdrawing from it, and thus laying open more of the country to his ravages, unless by skilful manoeuvring you can entice him to a more favorable position to attack.

The question of subsisting your army for any length of time, cut off from the supplies north of you, may demand your serious attention, and was the sub ject of a telegraphic despatch to you this morning.

The supplies accumulated at Atlanta are intended as a reserve for the army

in the East as well as the West, and cannot bo entirely appropriated to either division. Each army must therefore draw its support as far as possible from the country it can control: and this necessity must not be lost sight of in the operations of either, and may accelerate movements which otherwise it might be deemed prudent to restrain.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

R. E. LEE, Geiil. Gcul. G. T. BEAUREGARD, Comdg. Western Dept.

Memorandum of Movements on Baldwin. — For General Van Dorn.


1st. The baggage trains of his army must leave their position at daybreak on the 28th instant, by the road on the east of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, to stop temporarily at about six miles from his headquarters, but with secret orders to the oflicer in charge of them to continue rapidly on the direct road to the vicinity of Baldwin. The provision trains will follow the baggage trains.

2d. The ammunition and ambulance trains must be parked at the most con venient point to their brigades, or near the general headquarters, where they will remain until the troops shall have been moved to the front, to take up their line of battle, when these trains will be ordered to follow the provision trains. All of these trains must be accompanied by one pioneer company and two infantry companies (properly distributed) per brigade. The brigade and regimental quartermasters must accompany and be responsible for their trains. The officers in charge of the baggage trains will receive sealed orders as to their point of destination, which they will open at the already mentioned stop ping-place.

:M. As it may become necessary to take the offensive, the troops will take their position in lino of battle as soon as practicable after disposing of their baggage in the wagon trains. These troops will bivouac in position, and at 3 A.M. on the 29th instant, if not attacked by the enemy, will take up their lino of march to Baldwin by the route indicated (Article 1), leaving properly dis tributed cavalry pickets in front of their lines, to guard and protect this retro grade movement. These pickets shall remain in position until recalled by the chief of cavalry, who will remain in Corinth for the purpose of directing the ret rograde movement of the cavalry, when each regiment will follow the route taken by tho corps to Avhich it shall have been temporarily assigned for the protection of its rear and Hanks.

4th. Underlio circumstances will tho cavalry regiments abandon their posi tion in front of the lines (unless compelled by overpowering numbers) until tho rear of tho column of the Army of tho West shall have crossed Clear Creek, whon tho general commanding shall communicate the fact to the chief of cav alry for his information and guidance.

5th. The cavalry pickets will continue the usual skirmishing with tho ene my in front of tho lines, and when retiring will destroy, as far as practicable,

the roads aud bridges in their rear, and, after having crossed Clear Creek, they will guard crossing until recalled by the general commanding.

6th. The chief of cavalry will order, if practicable, one regiment to report to Major-General Polk, one to Major-General Hardee, one to General Bragg, and one to Major-General VauDorn, independently of the regiment now at Jaciuto, already ordered to report to the latter officer.

7th. After the departure of the troops from the intrenched lines, a sufficient number of drums from each brigade must be left to beat the reveille at the usual hour, after which they can rejoin their commands.

8th. The commanding officer of the Army of the West will leave, if necessary, on the south side of Clear Creek, about five hundred infantry and two pieces of artillery, to defend the crossing of said stream, aud to effectually destroy the bridge and obstruct the road after the passage of the cavalry.

9th. On arriving in the vicinity of Guutowu, the best defensive position will be taken in rear of Twenty-mile Creek, due regard being had to a proper and sufficient supply of wood and water for the troops.

G. T. BEAL*REGARD, General Commanding.

Memorandum of Orders.


The following memorandum is furnished to General Bragg for the intended movement of his army from this place to Baldwin, at the time hereinafter indi cated :

1st. Hardee's corps will move on the direct road from his position to Danville by Cleburue's camp, which is on the east of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad part of the way; thence to Rienzi aud Baldwin.

2d. Bragg's corps via the Tennessee pike to Kossuth, until it reaches the south side of the Tuscumbia; thence by the Rienzi aud Blackland Road to Carrolls-ville and Baldwin.

3d. Breckinridge's corps (or reserve) via the turnpike to Kossuth; thence to Blackland, Carrollsville, and Baldwin.

4th. Polk's corps via the turnpike to Kossuth; thence, by the Western road, to Blackland, Carrollsville, aud Baldwin.

5th. The baggage trains of these corps must leave their position at 12 M. pre cisely on the 28th instant, and stop for the night on the south side of the Tus cumbia, on the best available ground. The provision trains will follow the bag gage trains.

6th. The ammunition and ambulance trains must be parked at the most con venient point to their brigades, and moved in rear of the provision trains to the south side of the Tuscumbia, where they will await further orders. All of these trains are to be accompanied by one pioneer and two infantry companies, prop erly distributed per brigade. The brigade and regimental quartermasters must accompany and be responsible for their trains.

7th. The officers in charge of the baggage trains will receive sealed orders as

to their point of destination, and which they will open at the first-mentioned stopping-place.

8th. As it may become necessary to take the offensive, the troops will take their position in the trenches as soon as practicable after disposing of their baggage in the wagon trains. One brigade per corps will be put in line of battle, in the besT; position for the offensive, in front of the trenches. The re serve will remain in position as already indicated to its general commanding. These troops will all bivouac in position, and at 3 A. M. on the 29th instant, if not attacked by the enemy, will take up their line of march to Baldwin by the routes indicated in Article 1, leaving properly distributed cavalry pickets in front of their lines to guard and protect this retrograde movement. These pickets will remain in position until recalled by the chief of cavalry, who will remain in Corinth for the purpose of directing the retrograde movement of cav alry, and when each regiment must follow the route taken by the corps to which it shall have been temporarily assigned for the protection of its rear and flanks.

9th. Under no circumstances will these cavalry regiments abandon their posi* tions in front of the lines (unless compelled by overpowering numbers) until the rear of the columns of the Army of the Mississippi shall have crossed the Tuscumbiu, when the general commanding each corps will communicate that fact to the chief of cavalry for his information and guidance.

10th. The cavalry pickets will continue the usual skirmishing with the ene my in front of the lines, and, when retiring, they will destroy the roads and bridges in their rear as far as practicable, and, after having crossed the Tus-cumbia, they will guard the crossings until recalled by the commanding gen eral.

llth. The chief of cavalry will order, if practicable, one regiment to report to Major-General Polk, one to Major-General Hardee, one to General Bragg, and one to Major-General Van Dorn, independently of the regiment now at Jaciuto, already ordered to report to the latter officer.

12th. After the departure of the troops from the intrenched line, a sufficient number of drums from each brigade must bo left to beat reveille at the usual hour, after which they can rejoin their commands.

13th. The commanding officer of the corps of the Army of the Mississippi will leave on the south side of the Tiiscumbia five hundred infantry and two pieces of artillery, to guard the four crossings of that stream, and to effectually destroy the bridges and obstruct the roads after the passage of the cavalry.

14th. On arriving at Baldwin, the best defensive position will bo taken by the Army of the Mississippi, duo regard being had to a proper and sufficient supply of wood and water for the troops and horses of the different commands.

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


POLK'S STATION, May 28/ft, 1862. Geul. DEAL-REGARD :

The enemy have pressed my pickets very hard to-day. They drove tiiem

well-nigh back to the intrenchmeuts; many of their shells have been thrown into my lines. I have driven them back after a sharp skirmish, and re-estab lished my Hue. My trains have gone, and my troops that are not in advance in and near the trenches are ready for the march. I find I have some extra com missary stores and some tents, which I must have three or four cars to enable me to remove. These might bo had by being sent for, so as to be added to those already here for the purpose of removing the heavy artillery. They will be in time if here by 10 or 12 o'clock. Answer soon.

L. POLK, Mnj.-Gcul.

CORINTH, Miss., May 23//<, 1862. Major-General E. VAN DORN, Danville Eoad, Miss.:

General, —I approve of your request to leave at 12 o'clock (not 11) to-night, if it be clear, sending artillery at sundown two miles back, so as to be beyond reach of sound to the enemy. Be careful, however, not to send it too far. As Bragg's rear-guards will not leave until 3 p. M., yours ought not to leave before 2.30 o'clock, for Hardee's left would then be uncovered while moving in rear of your present position, and before crossing the railroad. Hardee will destroy the bridges (dirt and railroad) on the Tuscuinbia, provided he is guarding them; but have the matter clearly understood with him, so as to admit of no error. I referred, in my note, to the small bridge on Clear Creek, over which you must pass. You must, of course, have out as few details as possible. You must be the sole judge of that.

The telegraph operator must remain at his post as long as possible—say until your main forces move to the rear; for at any moment we may be called upon to move forward.

I am glad to hear of the sham balloon. I hope it is so, for I fear that more than their artillery at this moment.

Your obedient servant, G. T. BEAUREGAKD, Genl. Comdg.

P. S. You must not forget to obstruct thoroughly the road across Clear Creek, near General Jones's lines. You or Hardee must keep a strong guard of infantry and two pieces of artillery at the Clear Creek railroad-bridge until the last cars shall have leffc the depot here. Please arrange the matter distinctly with him. Would it not be prudent to send one regiment, two pieces of artil lery, and some cavalry to protect your train ? I think I would keep Price back, in the best position to move either to the rear, to protect the trains, if neces sary, or to the front, in case of battle. G. T. B.

CORINTH, Miss., May 28th, 1862. General B. BRAGG, Corinth, Miss.:

General, —From information received, Guntown, four and a half miles below Baldwin, is considered a better position for the defensive; hence we will go there. Please give the necessary orders. Small details must be kept in or about old camps, to keep up usual fires, on account of balloons, with orders to join their commands at 10 o'clock on the march to the rear, or in front, in case of battle. Not too many fires must be kept on the lines to-night, so as not to

reveal too clearly our position. A brigade (the "best one) from each corps be selected to guard and bring up the rear of each column, to move off about two hours after the rest of the column, and from •which a small detail will be left at each bridge, to destroy it after the passage of cavalry ; detail to be in proportion to importance of bridge. Would it not be advisable for the main forces to start at 1 A. M., and the rear-guards at 3 A. M. ? No rockets must bo fired to-night. Your obedient servant,


(Confidential.) CORINTH, Miss., May 28M, 1862.

General B. BRAGG, Corinth, Miss. :

General, — Considering that we have still so much yet to be removed from this place, I have decided that the retrograde movement shall not take place until the 30th instant, at the hours appointed, instead of the 29th. You will please issue all necessary orders to that effect to the forces under your com mand. It would bo advisable to stop at once the ammunition and provision trains at convenient points to this place.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.


HEADQUARTERS, May 29//J, 1862, 9.45 A. M. To Gcul. BEAUREGARD:

The enemy are throwing up works in the field near the — — House, in the front of Corinth lines. Shall I throw away any ammunition on them ?

_ EARL VAX DORX, Mnj.-Geul.


HEADQUARTERS, May 29//», 1862. To Genl. BEAUREGARD :

Quite a force seen to be forming in our front, reported by pickets. A sharp skirmish just over, some ten or twelve reported killed and wounded ; will prob ably have a light. EARL VAN DORX, Maj.-Genl.



Will scud brigade. EARL VAX DORX.


CORIXTII, Miss., May 29M, 1862. General B. BRAGG ; Mnjor-Ceneral E. VAX DORX ; Major-General L. POLK ; Mnjor-General W. J. HARDEE : Mnjor-General J. C. BRECKIXRIDGE :

General, —The following modifications have been made in the order relative to the retrograde movement from this place:

1st. At sundown the light "batteries mnst be sent to about one mile from the intrenched lines, in order to avoid communicating to the enemy any information of the movement. These batteries must be so placed outside of the road as to follow their brigades at night without any difficulty.

2d. At 8 P. M. the heavy batteries of the lines must be removed, without noise, to the cars, and sent to the central depot.

3d. At 10 P. M. the retrograde movement of the forces is to commence, as al ready instructed.

4th. At 12 P. M., or as soon thereafter as possible, the rear-guard is to follow the movement.

5th. As soon as the Army of the Mississippi shall have got beyond the Tus-cumbia, and the Army of the West beyond Ridge Creek, General Beall, chief of cavalry at Corinth, shall be informed of the fact, and the positions in rear of said streams shall be held until all trains shall be considered beyond the reach of the enemy.

6th. Camp-fires must be kept up all night by the troops in position, and then by the cavalry.

7th. Three signal-rockets shall bo sent up at 3 o'clock in the morning by the cavalry pickets of Generals Van Doru, Bragg, and Polk.

8th. All artesian and other wells must be destroyed this evening by a detach ment from each brigade. All artesian-well machinery must be sent forthwith to the depot for transportation to Saltillo.

9th. Whenever the railroad engine whistles during the night, near the in-trenchments, the troops in the vicinity will cheer repeatedly, as though rein forcements had been received. G. T. BEAUREGARD, Geul. Comdg.

Memorandum of Orders.


1st. General Van Dorn's army will start at 3 A. M. on the 7th instant, on its way to Tupelo, via the road from Baldwin to Priceville. It will halt for the night at Sand Creek, a distance of about seventeen miles from Baldwin. It will resume its line of march the next morning at 3 A. M., and will take position for the present at Priceville, leaving a brigade at the cross of the road with the Ripley and Cotton-gin roads, near Smith's or Brook's house, and a cavalry force at or about the Hearn sawmill. One brigade will be sent to Mooresville or vicinity, and a force of cavalry to guard the Twenty-mile Creek ferry, on the road from Fulton, with a strong picket at the latter place. The cavalry regi ment at Marietta will not leave that position until the 8th instant, at 4 A. M.

2d. General Hardee's corps will start for Tupelo at 4 p. M. on the 7th instant, via the same road as General Van Dorn's army, stopping for the night at a. creek about nine miles from its present position. He will send, at 4 A. M. on that day, one regiment and two pieces of artillery to the cross-road with the Natchez trail road, to guard the Twenty-mile Creek crossing. His corps will re sume its line of march at 4 A. M. on the 8th instant, and will get to Tupelo that night, if practicable. His rear-guard of cavalry will remain in its present posi-

tion until 12 P.M. on the 7th instant, and afterwards in the vicinity of Baldwin, guarding the rear of Hardee's corps, until 4 A. M. on the 8th instant.

3d. General Breckiuridge's corps of reserve will leave for Tupelo, via Carroll-villo and Birmingham, at 3 A. M. on the 7th instant, stopping for the night at Yanoby Creek, a few miles beyond the latter town, and will resume its line of march at 3 A. M. on the 8th instant.

4th. General Bragg's corps will leave by the same road as General Breckiu ridge's (passing to the westward of Carrollville) at 2 P.M. on the 7th instant, stopping for the night at or near Birmingham, leaving there at 3 A. M. for Tupelo. His cavalry will follow (on the same road) tbe movement from where it is now posted, at 3 A. M. on the 8th instant. The regiment at Ripley will move on the road from that place to Tupelo, and all said cavalry will be posted as already indicated to General Bragg on the map.

5th. General Polk's corps will conform its movement to that of General Bragg, starting at 2 P. M. on the 7th instant on the direct road to Saltillo, west of the railroad, halting at that place uutil further orders. His cavalry will remain where at present posted, and will follow his movement along the same road, guarding his rear, at 3 A. M. on the 8th instant.

Cth. All infantry outposts should be recalled in time to join their commands.

7th. All lingcr-boards and mile-posts should be taken down by the cavalry of the rear-guards. G. T. BEAUUEGARD, Geul. Comdg.

Report of Gcnl. G. T. Scauregard, commanding Western Department.

TUPELO, Miss., June 13/ft, 18G2. Gcnl. SAMUEL COOPER, Adj. and Insp. Gcnl. C. S. Army, Richmond, Va.:

General, —In relation to recent military operations in this quarter, I have to submit the following for the information of the War Department.

The purposes and ends for which I had occupied and held Corinth having been mainly accomplished by the last of May, and by the 25th of that month having ascertained definitely that the enemy had received large accessions to his already superior force, while ours had been reduced day by day, by disease resulting from bad water and inferior food, I felt it clearly my duty to evacuate that position without delay. I was further induced to this step by the fact that the enemy had declined my offer of battle, twice made him, outside of my in trenched lines, and sedulously avoided the separation of his corps, which ho ad vanced with uncommon caution under cover of heavy guns, strong intreuch-ments, constructed with unusual labor and with singular delay,considering his strength and our relative inferiority in numbers.

The transparent object of the Federal commander had been to cut off my re sources by destroying the Mobile and Ohio and the Memphis and Charleston railroads. This was substantially foiled by the evacuation and withdrawal along the lino of the former road, and, if followed by the enemy remote from his base, I confidently anticipated an opportunity for resumption of the offensive, with chances for signal success.

Under these plain conditions, on the 2Gth ultimo, I issued verbally several

orders, copies of which are herewith, marked A, B, and C, partially modified subsequently, as will bo seen by the papers, etc., herewith, marked D,E, F, and G. These orders were executed, I am happy to say, with singular precision, as will be found fully admitted in the correspondence, from the scene, of the Chicago Tribune, herewith transmitted.

At the time finally prescribed the movement commenced, and was accom plished without the knowledge of the enemy, who only began to suspect the evacuation after broad daylight on the morning of May 30th, when, having opened on our lines from his formidable batteries of heavy and long-range guns, erected the night previous, he received no answer from any direction; but, as our cavalry pickets still maintained their positions of the preceding day, he w r as not apparently fully satisfied of our movements until some stores, of little value, in the town, were burned, w r bich could not be moved. It was then, to his surprise, the enemy became satisfied that a large army, approached and invested with such extraordinary preparations, expense, labor, and timidity, had disap peared from his front with all its munitions and heavy guns, leaving him with out knowledge, as I am assured, whither it had gone, for his scouts were scattered in all directions, as I have since ascertained, to inquire what direc tions our forces had taken. Even now, indeed, I have reason to believe the Federal commander has little knowledge of the position and disposition of my main forces. But for some unfortunate and needless delay on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad of some five trains of box cars (three miscellaneously freighted and two empty) in passing beyond the bridges over the Hatchie River and its branches, w r hich, in the plan of evacuation, had been directed to be destroyed at a certain hour in the morning of the 30th ultimo, not an incident would have marred, in the least, the success of the evacuation in the face of a force so largely superior. It was, however, through a too rigid execution of orders that these bridges were burned, and we were obliged to destroy the trains as far as practicable and burn the stores, including some valuable sub sistence; to what extent will be more precisely reported as soon as practicable.

The troops moved off in good spirits and order, prepared to give battle if pursued; but no serious pursuit was attempted. Remaining in rear of the Tuscumbia and its affluents, some six miles from Corinth, long enough to collect stragglers incident to new levies, my main forces resumed the march, and were concentrated at Baldwin, with rear-guards left to hold the bridges across the Tuscumbia and tributaries, which were not drawn back until the evening of the 2d instant.

While at Rienzi, half-way to Baldwin, I was informed that on the morning of the 30th ultimo a detachment of the enemy's cavalry had penetrated to Boon-ville, eight miles south of Rieuzi, and had captured and burned a railroad train of ammunition, baggage, and subsistence, delayed there some forty-eight hours by mismanagement. I regret to add that the enemy also burned the railroad depot, in which were at the moment a number of dead bodies and at least four sick soldiers of this army, who were consumed—an act of barbarism scarcely credible, and without a precedent, to my knowledge, in civilized warfare. Upon the opportune appearance in a short time, however, of an inferior force of our

cavalry, the enemy left in great haste and confusiou, after having received one volley. Only one of our men was carried away by him. Quito a considerable number of stragglers and of our sick and convalescents, en route to Southern hos pitals, who for a few moments had fallen into the enemy's hands, were rescued. These are the two thousand men untruthfully reported by Generals Pope and Halleck to their War Department as captured and paroled on that occasion.

I desire to record that one Colonel Elliott, of the Federal army, commanded in this raid, and is responsible for the cruel death of our sick. As for the ten thousand stands of small arms also reported by those officers as destroyed, the truth is, that not to exceed fifteen hundred, mostly inferior, muskets were lost on that occasion.

I had intimations of this expedition the day before the evacuation, and had detached immediately suitable commands of infantry and cavalry to foil its purposes and protect the bridges on the line of my march. Unfortunately, the infantry passed through and south of Boonville but a little while before the enemy made his descent; the cavalry, as before said, reached there in time only to rescue our men who had been captured.

Equally inaccurate, reckless, and unworthy are the statements of these Fed eral commanders in their several official reports by telegraph, bearing dates of May 30th and 31st, and Juno 1st, 2d, and 4th, as published in Cincinnati and Chicago journals, touching the amount of property and stores destroyed by us at Corinth, and General Pope's alleged pressing pursuit. Major-General Hal-leek's despatch of Juno 4th may particularly be characterized as disgracefully untrue. Possibly, however, ho was duped by his subordinate. Nothing, for example, can be wider from the truth than that ten thousand men and fifteen thousand small arms of this army were captured or lost in addition to those destroyed at Boonville. Some five hundred inferior small arms were acciden tally left by convalescents in a camp four miles south of Corinth. No artillery of any description was lost; no clothing; no tents worth removal were left standing. In line, the letters of newspaper correspondents, enclosed, give a cor rect statement, both as to the conduct of the retreat, the scanty spoils of war left behind, the actual barrenness of substantial results to the enemy, and ex hibit his doubt, perplexity, and ignorance concerning the movements of this army.

Baldwin was found to offer no advantages of a defensive character, and, being badly provided with water, I determined to fall back upon this point, some twenty miles south, fifty-two miles from Corinth, and here to await the develop ment of the enemy's plans and movements. Accordingly, leaving Baldwin on the 7th (see papers appended, marked II), the main body of my forces was as sembled hero on the 9th instant, leaving all the approaches from Corinth care fully guarded by a competent force of cavalry under an efficient officer, who occupies a lino fifteen miles north of this place. Supported by my general officers, I am doing all that is practicable to organize for offensive operations whensoever any movement of the enemy may give the opportunity, which I anticipate as not remote.

I feel authorized to say, by the evacuation, the plan of campaign of the enemy

was utterly foiled; his delay of seven weeks and vast expenditures were of little value, and ho has reached Corinth to find it a barren locality, which ho must abandon as wholly worthless for his purposes.

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Genl. Comdg.

P. S. My effective force on the morning of the evacuation (May 30th) did not exceed forty-seven thousand men, of all arms. That of the enemy, obtained from the best sources of information, could not have been less than ninety thou sand men, of all arms. G. T. B.



TUPELO, Miss., June 9th, 1862. General SAML. COOPER, Adj. and Iiisp. Genl. C. S. A., Richmond, Va. :

General, —I beg to call the attention of the War Department to the absolute necessity, as already telegraphed several times, of providing this army immedi ately with funds; for otherwise its wants will become intolerable, and will necessarily end in its disbandment. This relief can the more readily bo ob tained from the Assistant Treasurer at Jackson, Miss., who has in his charge several millions of dollars belonging to the banks of New Orleans, La., seized by my orders when I was informed those funds were to be returned to those banks, in obedience to instructions of Major-General Butler, Federal commander at that point. I am assured that the bank agents, who had that money in charge, are not only willing, but desirous, it should be applied to the present wants of this army, the government becoming responsible for the same. I would, therefore, request the department to give such orders in the case as will best secure the end in view; moreover, it would be advisable to remove those funds from Jackson, Miss., into the interior as soon as practicable. I must also call the attention of the department to the absolute necessity of providing this army with an energetic chief commissary, full of expedients and resources; for it is becoming more and more difficult to supply the wants of so large a force as we retire in front of an overpowering enemy. I had the honor of recommending, for that difficult position, several days ago, Major Moses I. Wicks, of the Tennessee cavalry, a gentleman of Memphis, in every way qualified for it, according to the recommendations of those best acquainted with him; the case is urgent and pressing; if in no other way, he could be appointed a lieutenant-colonel of the Provisional army, and ordered to report to me for duty, when I will assign him to the position referred to. Nearly the same remarks are also applicable to the chief quartermaster of this army, and I have the honor to recommend Mr. Jos. E. Bradley, of Huutsville, Ala., and Mr. Edward Richard son, of New Orleans, who are said to possess all the qualities required for that position. These are times when the man best fitted for an office should be ap pointed, regardless of all other considerations.

A few Avccks ago I informed the department that Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan, Chief of Staff of this army, being absent, sick, I had appointed in his

place, temporarily, Major George W. Brent, Virginia Volunteers, who was acting Assistant Adjutant-General. His term of service having expired, he is now with out a commission, but being an intelligent, gallant, and meritorious officer, who highly distinguished himself at Shiloh, I have the honor to recommend again that ho should be appointed lieutenant-colonel in the Adjutant-General's De partment, if practicable—as was done in the case of Lieutenant-Colonel J. S. Preston—or in the Provisional army of the Confederate States. It would be a serious loss to me and to this army if he were not retained in the service.

Hoping that I may receive by telegraph a favorable answer to the above requests, I have the honor to remain,

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

G. T. BEAUREGARD, Gcul. Comdg.

TUPELO, June 9//i, 1862. Major-Genl. L. POLK, Saltillo, Miss.:

Troops are arriving and taking their positions. The place appears very healthy. Water very good, and obtained at twenty feet in abundance. Not so plentiful for animals except in town creek. This is a strong position. Remain at Saltillo for the present. Report your force at twenty-five thousand. Keep cavalry well out. Fort Pillow evacuated. Enemy at Memphis. Nothing new elsewhere. Colonel Tate is here. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

TUPELO, June 9/fi, 1862. Mnjor-Genl. L. POLK, Saltillo, Miss.:

Retire to-morrow to this place via Priceville, having sent off, first, everything from Saltillo. The road by the swamp is impassable for wagons. Enemy not much to bo feared. G. T. BEAUREGARD.

Governor Pickcns, of South Carolina, to General Beauregard.

COLUMBIA, S. C., June 12th, 1862. To General BEAUREGARD:

Sorry to hear of your ill-health and affliction. Sea-air good for you. We want you to fight our batteries again. We must now defend Charleston. Please come, as the President is willing—at least for the present. Answer.


General BeauregarcFs Answer. Governor F. W.PICKENS, Columbia, S. C.:

Would be happy to do so, but my presence absolutely required here at pres ent. My health still bad. No doubt sea-air would restore it, but have no time to restore it. G. T. BEAUREGARD.


RICHMOND, June 23rf, 1862. General BRAXTON BRAGG, Comdg. Army of the West, Tupelo, Miss.:

General, —You have no doubt received a telegram from the President assign ing you permanently to the command turned over to you by General Beauregard. I write to inform you officially of the fact, and to request that you will corre-

spond with and receive instructions from tliis department, and consider your self as the Commauder-in-Chief of the forces within your department. I do not wish to be understood as restricting General Lee's functions; they continue as heretofore. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEO. W. RANDOLPH, Secretary of War.

CULLUM'S SPRINGS, BLADON, ALA., July IGtJi, 1862. To the Editors of the Mobile Evg. News, Mobile, Ala.:

Gentlemen, —Your article of the 15th instant, entitled " Mischief Makers," has just been called to my attention. I fully approve your remarks, deprecating the attempts of friends or foes to make invidious distinctions between generals now gallantly defending our cause and country, or to excite feuds and animos ities among them, especially between General Bragg and myself—a personal friend, of whom I know not a superior in our service. If untrammelled, rest assured he will leave his mark on the enemy, and add several bright pages to the history of this revolution. I am, indeed, most happy that the command of the Western Department has fallen into such able hands. As regards the action of the President, relieving me of that command, not having anything to say in justification of it, I shall remain silent.

Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. BEAUREGARD.

P. S. The above is not intended for publication.

HEADQUARTERS, NEAR TUPELO, July 17th, 1862. To JOHN FORSYTII, Esq., Mobile, Ala.:

My dear Sir, —It has been a settled policy of my life to allow my acts to speak for themselves, and, so far, I have no cause of complaint at the position, public and private, they have assigned me, and especially has it been my will to avoid discussions in the public press ; but it is no departure from that rule to return you my cordial and heartfelt thanks for the sentiments expressed in your article of the 15th on " Mischief Makers," so far as relates to the positions, personal and official, of General Beauregard and myself. Whoever attempts to disturb those cordial relations will only incur the contempt of both. No two men living ever served together more harmoniously or parted with more regret, and few men possess my confidence and esteem to the same extent, as a gen eral and a gentleman. None of us are free from our faults and weaknesses, but among mine will never be found a jealousy which would detract from so pure a man and eminent a general as Beauregard. No one could have been more surprised at the order assigning me to his command than myself, and certainly the idea of my being a "pet" with any part of the administration is laughable. General Beauregard has never been physically equal to the labors of his posi tion since I joined him in March last, and has often said to mo he could not get on with its labors without the cordial and earnest assistance I gave him. Our intercourse was daily, free, unrestrained, and as harmonious as if we had been brothers. Upon the urgent appeal of his physicians, after arriving here, where it was supposed we should not be assailed by the enemy for a few weeks, he re-

tired to seek some relief from the toils which have made him an old man iu the short space of one year. If it be his friends who have started this discussion, they are doing him great injustice, and, so far as I am concerned, I can only say to them the records hero will show with what regret I parted with their chief, and ho\v ardently I hoped for his restoration, that he might resume the posi tion he had filled so honorably. I still hope that when his health is restored lie may return to this command, for my poor abilities will still bo taxed to the fullest extent in rendering him that aid he has ever candidly asked and cor dially received.

No less sensible than others to the personal advantages of my present posi tion, I still feel more for the success of our cause than for myself. Having so far, without a murmur, labored somewhat in obscurity, though I feel not with out some success, you will find me among the last to seek or receive advance ment at the expense of a brother soldier, especially when he deserves and pos sesses my confidence and gratitude.

Excuse this hasty and rambling note, but I could not pass the occasion without thanking you. Truly your friend,


It is reported Buell is returning this side the Tennessee, and that Curtis has reached Helena safely, instead of being captured. If both be true, our hands will soon be full. B. B.

TUPELO, JuJy 22rf, 1802. (Jenl. G. T. BKAUKEGAUD:

My dear General, —As I am changing entirely, under altered circumstances, the plan of operations here, I submit to you what I propose, and beg your can did criticism. And, in view of the cordial and sincere relations we have ever maintained, I trust to your compliance.

I am moving the Army of the Mississippi, thirty-four thousand effectives, (o East Tennessee, to join with Smith's twenty thousand and take the offensive. My reasons are, Smith is so weak as to give me great uneasiness for the safety of his line—to lose which would be a great disaster. They refuse to aid him from the east or south, and put the whole responsibility on me. To aid him at all from here necessarily renders me too weak for the offensive against Hal-leek, with ut least sixty thousand strongly intrenched in my front. With the country between us reduced almost to a desert by two armies and a drought of two months, neither of us could well advance in the absence of railroad trans portation. It seemed to me then, I was reduced to the defensive altogether, or to the move I am making. By throwing my cavalry forward towards Grand Junction and Tuscumbia, the impression is created that I am advancing on both places, and they are drawing in to meet me. The Memphis and Charles ton Road has been kept cut, BO they have no use of it, and have at length given it up. Before they can know my movement, I shall be in front of Buell at Chattanooga, and, by cutting off his transportation, may have him in a light place.


Van Dorn will be able to hold his own with about twenty thousand on the Mississippi. Price stays here with sixteen thousand. Thus you have ray plau. I leave to-morrow for Mobile, thence to Chattanooga. Our cavalry is paving the way for me in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky. Critteudeu is quite a prize; and the whole affair, in proportion to numbers, more brilliant than the grand battles where " strategy " seems to have been the staple production on both sides; and, if I am any judge, the enemy beat us at it. We may con gratulate ourselves that McClellau was satisfied with changing his base, for it occurs to my obtuse mind that a bold stroke at Richmond, while we were hunt ing for him, \vould have ruined us.

The papers seem to be groping in the dark as to the reasons which influ enced the change here, and attributing motives to each of us never entertained by either. Fortunately we know each other too well, and have this cause too much at heart, to be influenced by these things. Hoping for your restoration and return, Truly yours,


END or VOL. i.


Page 42, lino 21, for "J. A. Gon/.ak's," read " A. .1. Gonzales." " 101. ' 2;$, for "Liddle," mid ~ Liddell." " 103. ' 34, for " I. L. Preston's," read " J. F. Preston's." " 104. " 20. for ••Hunter's," mur ' Hunton's." 14 107. ' 1. for "28th.' 1 rend "18th." 15, for "38th," read "28th." " 108, ' 24, for " Wilhcrs's 13th and 28th Virginia." read ""Withers's 18tb

and Preston's 28th Virginia." " 450, ' 24, for "J. L. Preston's," read ". I. F. Preston's."


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OCT 31 1947


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