Essay Test.

Answer 4 of the following questions.

  1. Imagine yourself stranded on a desert isle.  Which 2 of our epic characters would you choose to be on the island with, and why?  In a well-written paragraph discuss the advantages and disadvantages of your choice.
  2. Repetition is a frequent technique the author(s) used in the Epic of Gilgamesh, as is the theme of duality. Enkidu and Gilgamesh are near mirrors of each other, for example. They undertake two quests: one against Humbaba, the other against the Bull of Heaven. Discuss other examples of duality and repetition in the story. Why does the epic contain these elements?
  3. Is there a “heroic code” that guides the decisions of the characters in The Iliad? Discuss the values of the Homeric hero, paying particular attention to contrasting characters such as Achilles, Odysseus, Paris, and Hector. Does one character emerge as more heroic than the rest? Does one character emerge as less heroic?
  4. Hospitality, the concept of welcoming visitors and treating them well, was important to the Ancient Greeks. Find examples in the Odyssey of times when the “rules” of hospitality are followed and times when it wasn’t. What role did these examples play in the epic?
  5. What esteemed Roman virtues are embodied in Aeneas?  Give examples from the Aeneid of each virtue in operation.
  6. Which women from history and myth does Dido represent in the Aeneid?  How do these representations contribute to the Aeneid as a whole and the the Augustus' imperial project?
  7. Which of the heroes we've studied would be best suited to lead the United States?  Discuss why that hero would be better than the others we've studied.