Wheelock Study Materials
- Based on F. Wheelock, An Introduction to Latin (3rd
Edition). Various explanations and exercises.
Guide to Wheelock's Latin
- "Real Audio Files for Wheelock Self-Tutorials,"
"Grammatical Glossary," "Internet Notes to Wheelock's
Fourth Edition," "Comprehensive Guide to Wheelock
(2000),"Sample Exams, "Vocabulary Lists"
Resources for Wheelock's Latin
- This site contains a series of drill programmes
which are intended to assist students of Latin
(particulary those using Wheelock's text) with their
vocabulary. There are a number of programmes to choose
from including: Flash Cards, Click On Words,
Fill-In-The-Blanks (used for meanings, cases and
principle parts), a growing Database of Wheelock's
vocabulary (used for listing vocabulary by type or by
chapter which also will decline nouns on-the-fly), a
searchable Latin/English English/Latin lexicon.
for Wheelock Latin textbook
Good exercises from Latin Driller
Killer. Here are the exercises from the 1st
chater. 1.1: Vocabulary, 1.2: Verbs (present
indicative), 1.3: Verbs (present indicative/ imperative/
infinitive), 1:4 Translation, 1:5 Verbs (infinitives),
1:6 Verbs (imperatives), 1:7 Verbs (principle parts),
1:8 Summary (crossword).
of Grammar and Syntax
- This site tells the meaning of the terms used in
Latin (and often English) grammar. It defines
everything from 'ablative' to 'zenomorph'.
- Dale A. Grote. "Study
to Wheelock Latin." Grammatical explanations and
exercises keyed to Wheelock's Latin Grammar 5th ed
through chapter 35. We're using the 6th ed., but
most of the lessons follow the same order.
- Explanations and drills for Wheelock.
- From Saint Louis University in various formats for
downloading, including a Vocabulary Grid for
Wheelock's Latin (5th ed.), Assorted Grammatical
Handouts and Diagrams, and Paedagogical Devices for
the Acquisition of Latin. Some great resources
here. Try the sentence exercises for some good
Lab: Wheelock Audio Files
- Audio files for Wheelock vocabulary lists, stories,
and exercises. Hear the stories &exercises
pronounced in a "repeat after me" fashion.
- Wheelock: Pronunciation of Exercises
- Wheelock: Pronunciation of the Stories
- Wheelock: Pronunciation of Vocabulary
Latin Drills for Wheelock
- "Our Own UH Homemade Drills. By Richard H.
Armstrong & Shawn Deeley."
Wheelock's Latin Vocabulary
flashcards: Wheelock's Latin Vocabulary
for Wheelock's grammar.
- Theses quizzes by R. Scott Smith test your grasp of
Files for Optional Self-Tutorial Exercises.
- Dale A. Grote works through the exercises at the end
of Wheelock 5th ed. We're using the 6th ed., so
the page numbers are different, but most of the
exercises are the same. See the rest of Dale
"Required" Vocabulary in Wheelock Chapters 1-22.
- The vocabulary arranged into conjunctions &
declensions. With definitions.
Additional Help Page
- Materials supplied Dale Grote. Online
lectures, vocabulary, chapter sentences, handouts,
exercises by Ilaria Marchesi
- Aids to the Wheelock exercises, along with chapter
tests From the Latin
Page at Ohio State University, which has several
resources, including a page to help 2nd year students
read Cicero's "First Catilinarian Oration."
- Vocabulary listed without definitions.
- "Welcome to the Wheelock's FAQ list. Click on one of
the chapters listed above to get specific information
about that chapter." This site also has some
good exercises for each chapter.
- The Official Wheelock's Latin Series Website.
They have links to buy the textbook & other
items. They also have links to resources &
some online drills.
New Latin Grammar
- "The object of this book is to present the
essential facts of Latin grammar in a direct and
simple manner, and within the smallest compass
consistent with scholarly standards. While intended
primarily for the secondary school, it has not
neglected the needs of the college student, and aims
to furnish such grammatical information as is
ordinarily required in undergraduate courses."
Classical Language Instruction Project
- Hear ye, hear ye! "Welcome to the Classical Language
Instruction Project (C.L.I.P.) at Princeton
University. This site contains samples of Greek
and Latin prose and poetry texts, read by various
schorals and in different styles. It is designed
to help students of the classical languages to
acquaint themselves with the sound of Greek and Latin
and to practice their own reading skills." This site
gives you a feel for the sound of Greek and Latin with
passages by a number of ancient writers, including
Homer, Plato, Virgil, Horace, Ovid, and Seneca.
- E. L.
Easton - Latin - Listen & Speak
- Links to oral resources for Latin. "Listen to Latin,
Latin in the Movies, Speak Latin, Pronunciation, Teach
Listening, Teach Speaking."
organized and annotated links, for students of
Classical Latin." Over 100 links in September 2004
Hebrew free on your on." Over 30 links,
including a Hebrew typing tutor.
- Download a free Latin-English & English-Latin
- Free Games that drill you on Latin grammar.
et dabitur tibi!
- Free resources in the following categories:
Pictures, games, vocabulary, tests, texts, powerpoint,
movies, software, audio, and misc.
Intelligent Person's Guide to Latin
- This Project has two purposes:
a) To deliver an "architectonic view" of the Latin
linguistic system, with a sense of what the parts mean
and where they fit into a working linguistic
b) At the same time to present a rational explanation of
the individual components as they are described
(paradigms and all), in the belief that we know enough
about practical linguistics at this time to revamp the
Classical traditional-ese jargon and talk about Latin as
a language-system which was quite satisfactory for well
over a millennium of varied communications.
- From William Harris' Humanities
and the Liberal Arts site.
- Alternate site here.
- Various resources for the study of Latin (as well as
- Latin 1
Class Home Page
- From KET Distance Learning. Sections include
Mores, Historia, Grammatica, Cetera, Verba, Fabulae,
Mythology, Yearbook, and Links. The grammatical
tips are very helpful.
- Translation and grammar for "Finis
Rei Publicae: Eyewitnesses to the End of the
Roman Republic." "This course combines a
close reading of selections of late Republican prose
with a thorough grammar review. Caesar's Civil War
forms the core of the material read; excepts from
letters of Cicero, Hirtius' treatment of the period
just before the outbreak of war, and some other
readings supplement Caesar's narrative."
Language Study: AV aids to Language Programs.
- AV Latin materials keyed to specific texts.
- Using words & phrases to master Latin.
- Drills for using nouns, & verbs.
- You can post your Latin questions here. They
may even be answered.
Latina, aka Winlatin.
- Free software you can install on your
computer. It lets you practice writing forms for
nouns, verbs, &adjectives. This file is 5.2
megs. If it takes too long for you to download,
you can bring a zip disk to my office © it
- Drills on conjugating various verbs.
- 8,000 common Latin words & their
Committee for Latin and Greek
- An organization for the promotion of teaching Latin
- Links to many dictionaries, including Latin, Greek,
- Pro Latin / Pro
- This is a German site but has an English
version. "Latin at school and university
suggestions, tips, translation, Grammar, lessons,
learning games, exercises, texts, links, papers, quiz,
help and support with reading (texts and links:
Caesar, Cicero, Ovid, Sallust, Seneca, Tacitus,
Vergil...) Current Latin-News from all over the
"QuickLatin is a tool which helps you translate Latin
into English. At the moment it does not do English
into Latin. It has dictionary and parsing
capabilities, plus some sentence-handling abilities.
QuickLatin 1.0 is a competely rewritten shareware
application which uses the Whitaker's Words dictionary
and includes algorithms like those of Words, but adds
sentence and translation-handling code. It's still
a bit basic at the moment, but I will keep enhancing
- Tech Library
- Textkit Greek
& Latin Learning Tools
"Textkit is a language learning site which provides
Greek and Latin grammars, reading material, classical
e-books and other learning resources. Textkit is
the Internet's leading source for free, fully
downloadable, public domain Greek and Latin grammars. We
also provide a wide range of classical e-books from
Greek and Roman authors. With over 143 grammars
and e-books to choose from, Greek and Latin learners
have downloaded 223,895 grammars and
e-books." This is a great site. Check it
for Studying Latin
- How to study Latin with less stress.
- Translation Tips
- Tips for translating Latin in 201 & 202.
- "These 1000 cards provide a basic Latin vocabulary
for first and second year high school or first year
college individuals. Cards are in
alphabetical/numerical sequence according to the
spelling of prime Latin terms."
- WOODHOUSE, S. C.English-Greek Dictionary: A
Vocabulary of the Attic Language by
London: George Routledge & Sons, Limited, 1910 .
Type in an English word and get its Greek translation.
Groups : ScholaLatina. A practical Latin course for
- The Schola Latina is a mailing list intended for
those who wish to follow a systematic course of study
in the colloquial Latin Lanaguage, i.e. for those who
wish to acquire an ability to actively use Latin in
- Abigail's Big Table of Useful
- Modern phrases translated into Latin.
- Classic Recital Page
- This recital site was created for (and by) the
classics teaching staff at Harvard to help students
grasp the vital performative aspect of ancient
- Classical and Christian Latin
Teachers' Support Group
- "This list is the main vehicle of the Classical and
Christian Latin Teachers' Support Group. Please post
questions regarding teaching Latin, answers to
questions, classroom experiences, curriculum
suggestions, encouragement, prayer requests, any thing
you have found helpful and especially quality Latin
materials you have created, etc." Hosted by
- Classical Salutations and
- How to say hi & bye in Latin. With tips on
how to use these ancient greeting in email.
- This is a portal to the future of Classics education.
It is a repository of practical tools, for educators and
other classicists, to enhance the use of computer
technology in Classics education.
- It has Whitaker's
- "CONJUGUEMOS is a self-timed, self-grading program for
language students of all levels and ages. You can select
the verbs you want to practice, the amount of time you
want the exercise to last, and you can print a grade
verification sheet at the end of your practice. To
begin, choose any of the exercises to the right."
- A one-stop resource for Latin students and educators.
- Elementary Latin at Tufts
- Susan Stenik's home page for her Latin courses.
- A Russian newspaper written in Latin. Just what
you never knew you wanted.
- The Free
- Welcome to the (until we agree on a better name) Free
Learn-Conversational-Latin Audio project! The goal of
this project is to create and make freely available
audio files which will facilitate the learning of
conversational Latin. Many people have had success
learning modern languages through audio programs like
the Pimsleur series. Unfortunately, nothing like this
yet exists for conversational Latin. Learning by
listening and speaking can be both fun and
- English-Latin philosophical dictionary.
- Grex Alter Latine Loquentium
- Links to on-line dictionaries in Latin. Also has
- How the Romans Cussed and
- Epithets and Other Roman Interjections.
- KET Distance Learning
- "KET's Distance Learning site is a major educational
component of our Humanities, German, Latin and Physics
courses." This site has some excellent grammar
- Links to various resources for studying Latin, from
grammar to on-line recordings to a guide to Latin in the
- Latin Chat
- Even though the internet hasn't quite advanced enough
to allow us to talk to each other, scattered all over
the globe as we are, it does make it very easy for us to
write to each other ... IN LATIN!
- Latin Curriculum Reviews
- Evaluations of resources for studying Latin
&Greek. Especially designed for home
- Latin Grammar Aid and Wordlist
- Type in the form of the word that you would expect to
find in a dictionary or a truncated form of the word. If
you want help with the ending of a word, type the ending
in the space provided. Also at the Latin
Dictionary and Grammar Aid site, which includes "Words
William Whitaker," which is "about 30000 entries,
as would be counted in an ordinary dictionary."
Type in the Latin word, get the English translation.
- Latin - Home Page
- About.com resources. "Expert guides to help you
find / learn / share."
- Latin Library
- The Latin Library at Ad
Fontes Academy. Ancient texts in
Latin. They have a list of all the works on the site here.
They also have handouts to
help in the study of Latin. These are keyed
to several textbooks: Lingua Latina, Latin via Ovid,
Jenney, Fabulae Graecae, Cupid & Psyche, Caesar,
- Latin Literature - Grammar
- Good explanations of grammar--nouns, pronouns, verbs,
- Latin Maxims
- Sayings in Latin.
- Latin Teaching Materials at
Saint Louis Missouri
- This site has many charts to help with your study of
- Latin Teaching Resources
- University of Virginia resources for Latin teachers.
- Latin Page
- Download Latin software.
The Key Concepts.
- This is a companion to the Royal Holloway course in
Beginners Latin, based on Units 1-16 of Gavin Betts, Teach
Yourself Latin. It's designed principally for
review by those who have already completed the course,
but can be studied as an independent guide. It doesn't
follow the order of material in the coursebook
precisely; rather, it threads what I hope is a logical
and progressive way through the grammatical topics
- It's just what it seems to be--Latin links in a Yahoo
- Latin classroom ideas &projects.
- Useful links for Latin teachers.
- Latinteach Webring
- Links to sites aiding the teaching of Latin.
Lab: Audio Files
- Here are the sounds of Latin -- with a little Greek
thrown in. Hundreds of audio files that can be heard
using Real Player. Pronunciation guides, vocabulary,
exercises from major grammars.
- Main Classics Page
- Mainly grammar, especially exercises for the Ecce
- Medieval Latin
- Latin Culture Resources. Links to Latin
resources, especially Medieval.
- Medieval Latin
- Latin Culture Resources. Links to Latin
resources, especially Medieval.
- "Minimus: Starting out in Latin is a unique course for
7-10 year olds, providing a lively introduction to the
Latin language and the culture of Roman Britain with a
highly illustrated mix of comic strips, stories and
myths. Minimus Secundus continues the course up to 13."
- Penn's MOO is also the first Latin MOO in cyberspace,
passing under the name MUGIT (which is Latin for the
noise a cow makes but seems also to acronymize Multorum
Utentium Gregi Interesse Transcribendo -- "to be in a
flock of many users by writing").
- Multilingua. (Better Read than
- Web site of George Sharpley, author of our
- Obscenity in Classical
- The ancient Romans had lusty appetites; just like
modern people, they seemed to have one thing on their
minds. The Charles Bukowski Memorial Center for
Classical Latin Studies seeks to drag obscenity out of
those dusty tomes and stick it right where it
- One Thousand Latin Words
- A list of Latin words with English translations in
- Orbilius is an interactive vocabulary and verb tester
designed to be used with Teach Yourself Latin Units
1-16. You can use it to test yourself on vocabulary and
verb endings, or simply as a kind of interactive flash
card to help you review.
- Place names in Latin. Good for geography &
for finding the location of early printed documents.
Such names were used on the title page of early
documents. Brigham Young University has a similar
- "Jan Amós Komensky (Comenius): Orbis
Sensualium Pictus. English edition 1659. 309
páginas. (Primera edición
latín-alemán: 1658)." This is a cool
book with images, the Latin text to read on the right,
and the English translation on the left.
of the Comparative Grammar of Latin
- My goal in putting together this outline is modest. I
hope to provide the English-speaking/reading student
with an up-to-date, reliable, introduction to the
historical and comparative phonology and morphology of
Latin. Where I have followed a view that is not standard
doctrine, I have indicated the source.
Barrette's Latin Resources.
- Vocabulary flash cards. Also translates dates into the
- Prurient Latin Vocabulary List
- Get your prurient Latin vocabulary (dirty Latin words)
- Rude words in Latin
- A list of rude Latin words found in Plautus.
(They often end in "e" because they're in the vocative
- Sluggy Freelance in Latin
- "Sluggy Freelance
is a web comic written by Pete Abrams. Here I
[Jeb] have translated it into Latin."
- Study Stack
- This site has flash cards for many subjects, including
- Tolle, lege!
- Here you will find some easy Latin texts. Even
if you have seen more difficult ones before, you may
find these worth a try. In fact, reading should be
- Quis vocaris? Your Name in
- From S
· A · L · V
· I (Septentrionale Americanum
Latinitatis Vivae Institutum--North American Institute
for Living Latin Studies). They have some other
handy links there.
- Quizzes over Latin Noun Forms
- Total Physical Response Stories
- Stories Keyed to Oxford Latin Course Vocabulary.
D. Webb, who also has materials for Latin I-A (6th
grade), Latin I-B (7th & 8th grade), World
Mythology, and Exploring the Roman World.
- Viva Voce -- Roman Poetry
- Listen to Latin poetry over the Internet. This
page also has an introduction to Latin meter.
- Vocabula computatralia
- Vocabulary words for talking about computers in Latin.
- Wikebooks Introductory Latin
- "Latin From Wikibooks,
the free textbook project. This is an elementary Latin
course accompanied with a detailed grammar based upon
Kennedy's Public School Latin Grammar designed to
introduce one to the world of classical languages."
- YLE: Nuntii Latini
- Weekly broadcast of news in Latin. Broadcast
from Finland's YLE radio. Read along in Latin as
you hear it spoken over the internet.
- Ancient Greek Language
- Supplemental material keyed to specific texts.
- for general Greek language resources, visit Greek
- to hear what Greek sounds like, visit Greek
- Ancient Greek Tutorials
- "Welcome to the Ancient Greek Tutorial site of the
Department of Classics of the University of California,
Berkeley, a project of Professor Donald Mastronarde and
the Berkeley Language Center." Includes these sections:
Pronunciation Guide, Pronunciation Practice,
Accentuation Tutorial, Accentuation Practice, Principal
Parts, Vocabulary, Verb Drill, Noun Drill, English-Greek
- Ancient Greek with Thrasymachus
- On-line supplement to Thrasymachus posted by
Ann Thomas Wilkins and Alison Willard Barker.
- Ancient Greek Web Materials at
On-line drills on the following: Pronunciation Guide,
Pronunciation Practice, Accentuation Tutorial,
Accentuation Practice, Principal Parts, Vocabulary
Drill, Verb Drill, Noun Drill, Paradigms.
- First Greek Book Homepage
- "This website contains additional information about
the new greekstudy group using John Williams White's
First Greek Book. Like all greekstudy groups, this
group is free and open to anyone. To participate, you
only need to subscribe to the list and have a copy of
the texbook The text is out of print, but it's available
to download for free as a PDF document from Textkit.
It's also available from many public and academic
libraries, as well as from used bookstores."
- Adjectival or descriptive case with basic meanings of
or from; sometimes a retreating context.
- Greek 102: Elementary Greek II
- "Here, finally, are some of the handouts for the
course, including those supplied in Greek 101, available
in PDF format and readable after you have downloaded
Adobe Acrobat Reader."
- The Greek Alphabet
- A Pronunciation Guide is an excellent resource for the
pronunciation of each letter. This guide is a part of
Ancient Greek Tutorials, by Donald J. Mastronarde with
the assistance of the Berkeley Language Center of the
University of California, Berkeley. Two versions of A
Pronunciation Guide are available: the Unicode version
& the GreekKeys version.
- If you would like to view the differences of Greek
pronunciation through the ages, go to the Guide
Greek Pronunciation Conventions: How we pronounce
Ancient Greek, Biblical (Koine) Greek, and Modern
Greek. On the Little Greek 101 website, arrows
will point you in the right direction in the section, How to
Write Greek Letters.
- Greek for Little Scholars
- J. W. Burns. Greek for Little Scholars.
1866. A good vocabulary book--pictures with the
Greek words written underneath.
- Greek Grammar on the Web
- The electronic gateway to the Study of Ancient Greek.
- Harvard Classics Recital Page
This recital site was created for (and by) the classics
teaching staff at Harvard to help students grasp the
vital performative aspect of ancient literature. Hear
recitals of Homer, Ovid, Statius, Catullus, Cicero, and
- Homeric Greek
- "Welcome to the free Homeric Greek study group,
which is being started and facilitated by Beth
Piepenburg. Using A Reading Course in Homeric
Greek, each participant will submit the assignment
to the facilitator, who will post the collation to the
Greek Study. . . . The purpose of this website will be
to provide information about getting started, submitting
assignments, and locating additional help."
- The Intelligent Person's Guide
- Helpful grammar introduction from William
Harris, Prof. Em., Middlebury College. Part
of his HUMANITIES
THE LIBERAL ARTS © Web site.
- Introduction to Ancient and
Biblical Greek: Gateway
- "These two sequences of online Greek courses
(1331/1332 and 3331/3332) are intended to engage
students with diverse backgrounds, goals, and interests,
in learning interactively. The common goal will be
the acquisition of fundamental translation skills
in ancient and/or Biblical Greek. Because the
Greek "common" (koinê) dialect resulted from
a convergence of ancient dialects where Attic, the Greek
spoken in Athens, predominated, instruction in ancient
Greek, which is traditionally based on Attic, is at the
same time an introduction to the language of the Old and
New Testaments." Gateway
- An Introduction to Ancient
- "Cecelia Luschnig's "An Introduction to Ancient
Greek". Cecelia has given me lots of her support
materials, like study guides and labs, which I have
placed on this website"
- KALÓS verb conjugator
- "Kalos is a Classic Greek verb conjugator. It is able
to produce several styles of conjugation charts, given a
verb's canonical or "dictionary" form. Best of all,
those grids can be printed!" Also best is that it
- Koine Greek Study Group
- This is a first-year course in New Testament
Koine Greek. It does not assume any knowledge of Greek.
However, knowledge of another inflected language is
useful since it reduces the learning curve: Greek
nouns/adjectives use a case system very similar to
Latin's or Russian's and Greek has an inflected article
- There is no cost to participate. However, the
following two books must be purchased:
- Basics of Biblical Greek
Grammar 2nd Edition by William D. Mounce ISBN:
- Basics of Biblical Greek
Workbook by William D. Mounce ISBN: 0310400910
- The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) is very pleased to
announce the release of a new online version of
Liddell-Scott-Jones (LSJ) free and open to the public.
The TLG version of LSJ represents five years of
intensive work with the aim of producing a fully edited
and searchable version of LSJ with links to the TLG
corpus. Text citations within LSJ are linked to both the
full TLG corpus and the Abridged TLG. TLG subscribers
will be able to browse full-texts by clicking on LSJ
citations. Non- subscribers will be linked either to the
Abridged version or will be shown short snippets of
text. The interface allows dictionary look up (headwords
and Greek within entries), reverse look-up (searching
within English definitions) and searches for headwords
in the TLG corpus.
/ MATHOS Ancient Greek Language for Beginners
- MAQOS aims:
- To introduce beginners to the rudiments of Ancient
- To supplement existing courses in the language
- To encourage students to pursue the subject
- Mounce: Summary Lectures on The
Basics of Biblical Greek, by Dr. Bill Mounce
- "These summary lectures were given at Gordon-Conwell
Theological Seminary during the fall of 2000 and spring
of 2001. This course will take you through the basics of
biblical Greek, from the alphabet to noun and verbal
grammar. The lectures correspond to the second edition
of the textbook, Basics
of Biblical Greek, which came out July
2003." The site has some software
to help drill vocabulary and verb forms, along with some
- One Thousand Greek Words
- A list of Greek words with English translations in
- Reading Ancient Greek
- Enchiridion: A User-Friendly Guide to Reading Ancient
Homer's Leadership Portraits
Prevention of PTSD (post-traumatic stress
Obsolete Assumptions Built Into The Military
"Preventing Psychological and Moral Injury in
Sigles et abréviations
Latin & Italian abbreviations from the Dictionnaire
des Abréviations latines et italiennes.
Lacks common ancient & medieval abbreviations,
like the kind you find on ancient monuments.
Also available in pdf
form and Word
form from the Epigrafia
romana sepolcrale e civile site.
Silva rhetoricae: The Forest
This online rhetoric,
provided by Dr. Gideon Burton
of Brigham Young University, is a guide to the terms
of classical and renaissance rhetoric. Sometimes it
is difficult to see the forest (the big picture) of
rhetoric because of the trees (the hundreds of Greek
and Latin terms naming figures of speech, etc.)
within rhetoric. This site is intended to help
beginners, as well as experts, make sense of
rhetoric, both on the small scale (definitions and
examples of specific terms) and on the large scale
(the purposes of rhetoric, the patterns into which
it has fallen historically as it has been taught and
practiced for 2000+ years).
SOCIAL STUDIES Ancient
Mr Donn's FREE LESSONS & ACTIVITIES for Kids
& Teachers. Good material on: Egypt, Africa,
Greece, Japan, 7 Wonders, Rome, Other
Ancients, Archaeology, China, Middle Ages, Early
Humans, India, Renaissance, Free Kids Games,
Mesopotamia/Sumer, Hebrews, World History, Incas,
Mayas, Aztecs, Vikings, World Holidays
Society for the Oral Reading
of Greek and Latin Literature (SORGLL)
the aim or our Society to encourage students and
teachers to listen to and to reproduce the sounds of
Greek and Latin literature, thereby enriching the
whole study process of these languages. Fortunately,
linguistic and metrical research of the last century
now permits us to acquire a close approximation of the
pronunciation of classical Greek and Latin, a result
which we call the 'restored pronunciation'."
Software Directory for the
Directory of software that can be used in studying
Special Collections and
Archives University of Aberdeen
rolling programme to digitise sections of the
Directorate's written, printed and visual
Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Welcome to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
(SEP). From its inception, the SEP was designed so
that each entry is maintained and kept up to date by
an expert or group of experts in the field. All
entries and substantive updates are refereed by the
members of a distinguished Editorial
Board before they are made public. Consequently,
our dynamic reference work maintains academic
standards while evolving and adapting in response to
The Stoa Consortium
This site has several projects on the ancient
world. Dêmos is one example:
- Abbreviations of Classics
- Abbreviations of journals that occur in
references. You can use this to figure out where
a quote comes from. These are the abbreviations
used in the l'Année Philologique.
in Latin Inscriptions
- This page provides access to a series of lists
containing abbreviations found in Latin inscriptions.
The series represents a new compilation of such
abbreviations, assembled from digital texts of all
Latin inscriptions published in L'Année
Épigraphique between 1888 and 1993.
- Aesop links from the Mad Cybrarian
- Aesop's Fables in Latin &Greek.
- Aesop's Fables
- An online collection of 656+ fables.
- Aesop's Fables in Latin. The first six texts of
the Aesop commonly known as the Anonymus
Neveleti, an English collection composed in
the late twelfth century, used in schools throughout
Europe well into the sixteenth century.
- AESOPICA.NET: Aesop's Fables
- A site with Aesop's Fables in English, French,
Latin, Spanish and Greek. The stories are
cross-indexed to the parallel stories in other
languages. From MythFolkLore.Net
by Laura Gibbs. An excellent site, one of the best
I've seen. Also available there:
- Myth-folklore Online
- World Literature: Frametales
- Harrius Potter
- Online Greek Materials
- 1000 Latin Proverbs
- Fairy Books of Andrew Lang
- Fabulae Faciles
- Medieval Latin Online
- 1. Orientation | 2. Moses | 3. Samson | 4.
Evangelium | 5. Augustinus: Confessiones |
6. Augustinus: De civitate dei | 7.
Hrabanus | 8. Physiologus | 9. Franciscus | 10.
Jovinianus | 11. Aesopus | 12. Reinardus | 13.
Egeria | 14. Hrotsvitha | 15. Heloisa
- Figures De La Bible
Composition Tips: How to write in Latin
- Alicia in Terra Mirabili.
- The Amazing Ancient World of
- A site with many good links to sources for studying
the ancient world on the Internet. They arranged
into 4 parts: Egypt, Greece, Rome, and general.
- Ancient Astrology and
Divination on the Web
- This an organized, annotated set of more than 100
links to reliable information about ancient (primarily
Greek and Roman) astrology and divination. It is
designed to provide some alternative to web searches
that turn up dozens of pages by modern astrologers and
palmists--believers all. Indeed, I should say at the
outset that I am not a believer in astrology or any
other form of divination. I am, however, interested in
ancient culture in all its facets. I hope you find
some of these resources useful.
- Ancient Classical History -
Comprehensive Ancient Greek and Roman History Site
- A good resource for basic information on Greece and
Rome from About.com.
- Ancient Clothing &
- This index page collects the articles in Smith's
Dictionary on clothing, shoes, cosmetics, hairstyles
- Ancient History
- A timeline for ancient history from Thinkquest
- Scanned Classical Works. Classical
dictionaries & other works.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and
Mythology by William Smith (1867) —
three-volume, 3,700-page ocean of Greek and Roman
historical, literary and mythological figures. new
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
by William Smith (1870) — 1,300-page compendium of
information on the classical world; excluding
biography and geography
- Dictionary of Classical Antiquities by
Oskar Seyffert (1894) — guide to the ancient world,
with 716 pages, 2,630 entries and over 450
- Classical Gazetteer by William Hazlitt
(1851) — a dictionary of some 14,000 ancient Greek
and Roman places.
Classical Dictionary. The Wiki
Classical Dictionary (WCD) is a new
wiki devoted to the history, literature, mythology,
art and archaeology of the ancient world. The WCD
opened on April 4, 2005.
Near East .net
- "From prehistory to the Muslim conquest of the 7th
century CE, embracing the diverse and exotic lands at
the meeting point of three continents, the Ancient
Near East occupies a central position in archaeology
and ancient history, art and religion. Passionately
dedicated to electronic resourcing and content
provision, Ancient Near East .Net forms a dynamic
portal site evolving gradually to meet the needs of
the Ancient Near East community (scholars and
laypersons alike) for content, ideas, resources and
- Ancient Philosophy &
- A series of stories from NPR on the value of ancient
philosophy in American popular culture.
- Ancient Theme
- "Ancient Theme is: building models of scenes and
sites from ancient history using Lego bricks. It
is a pursuit shared by fans of the Brick, both youth
and adults. This website exists to promote the
activity and reward those who bring the ancient world
to life in this colorful way."
- Ancient World Languages:
- Avaliable Font Packages:
- The Egyptian Languages through out the ages.
Hieroglyphs, Hieratic, Demotic and Coptic. Over 1500
left and right face glyphs, plus over 800 script
- Egyptian Cartouche, Persian Cuneiform, Greek,
Hebrew Stars, Qumran, Syriac, Mayan: 1 & 2,
Months, Days, Numbers & Mayan Stuff, Stylized
- Includes The Egyptian Project, Assyrian Cuneiform,
Summerian Tokens, and the Aztec Calendar.
- Mayan Lite is a Small collection of Mayan Glyphs.
Syllabic Mayan, Months, Days, Numbers and other
- Southeastern and Southwestern Indian glyphs, Cree
- Ancient World Mapping Center
- "Mapping the ancient world, from Athens to
- The writing systems of ancient languages from Arabic
to Zapotec. Site webmaster "Lawrence K." has
created an extensive site with good graphics.
- AncientSites: Take Your Place
- Experience a world of ancient history created by
enthusiasts like you from all over the globe.
- "Welcome to AncientWorlds where history comes alive!
This online community for lovers of ancient history is
free for many features and activities such as reading
and posting on the discussion boards as well as
touring member Homesites." This site has
material on Rome, Athens, Egypt, Babylon, Celtia,
Germania, MachuPicchu, & the Orient. Located
at both AncientWorlds.net
- AnPhilNet: The
Database of l'Année Philologique on
- This is the standard database for looking up
research on classical material. It is like the MLA
database but for ancient sources. Their Table
Périodiques (Periodical Tables) is a list
of common abbreviations for journals dealing with the
- Antioch Classical Languages
- "Antioch is a utility which allows you to type
classical Greek, Hebrew and Coptic in Word. It
includes fully programmable Greek and Hebrew
keyboards, a uniquely simple and flexible system for
handling diacritics and vowel points, an elegant font
with all necessary characters, and converters for
documents in many other formats."
- Apollonius of Rhodes
- The Arabian Knights
and the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
- Ok, it's not specifically classic, but the tales are
often studied in conjunction with ancient stories like
those of Aesop.
- The Archimedes Palimpsest
- An account of a rediscovered work by Archimedes,
hidden in a Palimpsest for 800 years.
- "ARCHAEONIA is an interactive journey through
the era of ancient Greek civilization, which
contains unknown fascinating details about ancient
Greek myths, religion, sciences, arts, history,
athletics & technology." Very
- Art of the First Cities: The
Third Millennium B.B.
- "This Web feature is designed to complement 'Art of
the First Cities,' on view at the Metropolitan Museum
through August 17, 2003. The landmark exhibition
surveys the flourishing of the world’s earliest
civilizations in Mesopotamia and surrounding
regions—stretching from the Aegean and Eastern
Mediterranean across Iran and Central Asia to the
Indus Valley—during one of the most seminal and
creative periods in history."
- Art History
- Art history page of Dr.
Rozmeri Basic at the University of
Oklahoma. She has sections on Aegean art
(Minoan, Mycenean, Cycladic), Etrucsan art, &
- Links to e-texts.
- Attalus: Greek and Roman
history 320 - 100 B.C.
- "This site contains detailed lists of events and
sources for the history of the Hellenistic world and
the Roman Republic. It includes links to online
translations of many of the sources, as well as new
translations of some works which have not previously
been easily available in English." Year by year links
to primary accounts of what happened that year.
Very good historical link.
- Dictionary of Cultural
Literacy Hirsch, E. D. Jr., Joseph F. Kett,
James Trefil. The New Dictionary of Cultural
Literacy. 3rd ed. Basic information that
every educated person should know. "A recent
addition to the Bartleby.com
Books Online reference site, the New Dictionary
of Cultural Literacy is intended to raise its readers'
level of erudition. While it is possible to search the
6,900 entries in the Dictionary, users may find it
easier to use the Index to browse from A-Z. Another
good approach is to start with the Table of Contents,
where there are 23 short explanations of broader
areas, with links to relevant entries arranged below.
[DS]" Also on Bartleby: The Harvard
Classics: The Shelf of Fiction, many of which
are translations of ancient works.
- BBC: Ancient History: Romans
- Links to Historic Figures, Timelines, Programmes,
Reading Room, Talk History, For Kids, History
Trails. Also has some Recipes.
- Bibliotheca Augustana
- Collection of texts in Latin, Greek, German,
- Online classic etexts from Blackmask
Online: Free Refills on Ebooks.
for the Demos
- Logographos (lo-go-GRA-fos): in ancient
Athens, someone who composed forensic speeches
professionally. Blogographos: a reader
of or participant in blogographos.com.
Blogographos is a public blog to which anyone
interested in Greek and Roman antiquity may post. This
means interested laymen as well as professional
classicists and students. This blog is not intended as
a challenge to the resources for classicists currently
available--chief among them the Classical
and Latin Discussion Group, hosted at the
University of Kentucky, and David Meadows's rogueclassicism--but
rather as a complement.
- BMCR: Bryn
Mawr Classical Review
- "Bryn Mawr Classical Review publishes timely
reviews of current scholarly work in the field of
classical studies (including archaeology). This site
is the authoritative archive of BMCR's publication,
from 1990 to the present."
- Books on the classics, Latin, & Greek.
They even have fun titles like Green Eggs and Ham
Brooks School Classics Web Links
- Links to classics sources.
- Bulfinch's four books on mythology--Classical
mythology (2 vols.), King Arthur, and
Charlemagne. Although his work is from the
mid-1800s, it is still important and widely used as an
introduction to mythology. "Written to 'teach
mythology not as a study but as a relaxation from
study,' these ageless volumes span the ages: from the
Olympus of Zeus and the Valhalla of Thor, to the Round
Table of King Arthur and the escapades of Robin Hood."
available from Bartleby.com.
- This program lets the user scroll through the Latin
text of Caesar's Gallic War, Book I (about
8000 wds.). Clicking on an unrecognized vocabulary
word will open a small window with the dictionary
entry for that word.
- Songs like "Three Blind Mice" in Latin.
Cheesy fun for the whole family.
A Full-Text Electronic Library: Classical Latin
- Apuleius, Caesar, Catullus, Cicero, Horace, Livy,
Nepos, Plautus, Propertius, Prudentius, Sallust,
- Center for
- Online resources from Harvard. "The Center was
founded in 1961 and designed to rediscover, in the
words of the founders, the humanism of Hellenic
- Crossword puzzles with classic themes. From
the Classics Technology Center.
- The Chicago Homer
- "The Chicago Homer is a multilingual database that
uses the search and display capabilities of electronic
texts to make the distinctive features of Early Greek
epic accessible to readers with and without
Greek." Site with interlinear Greek-English
versions of Homer, Hesiod, & the Homeric Hymns.
- Classic Greek Theatre of
- Each September in Portland, Oregon, the finest
professional performers and designers in the region
collaborate on ancient Greek drama. Performances
are given in a beautiful 600-seat amphitheatre,
surrounded by trees and a lake, on the grounds of Reed
- Classical Archaeology Images
- Images from the Stone Age to the Roman Empire.
- Classical Atlas Project
- Sales blurb for an atlas of the ancient world.
- Classical Images
- This site has a number of classical images.
There is no index, so you have to click on the
individual images to see what's there.
- Classical Myth: The Ancient
- Links to images & texts regarding Greek
mythology & the Olympian
- Classical Mythology
- "This site is intended for Dr. Robin
Mitchell-Boyask's courses in Classical Mythology for
Summer and Fall 2002. Others may find it useful and
are welcome." Study guides and introductions to
mythology from Apollo to Zeus.
- Classical Salutations and
- How to say hi & bye in Latin. With tips on
how to use these ancient greeting in email.
- Classical Search Engines
- Various search engines for doing research on the
- Classical Studies in Kentucky
- Welcome to the Classics Department at the University
of Kentucky. Includes modern Latin, Diotima
(a site focusing on women in the ancient world),
- ClassiColor: Ancient Statues
- "There is in these months a very interesting
exhibition at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen
"Classicolor" with a number of reconstructions
showing, how ancient Greek and Roman sculpture was
polychrome -not colourless white marbles. If you don't
come to Copenhagen, you can see some pictures I have
- Lars Kirkegaard"
- Classics Discussion Lists
- The world of Classics and Ancient History has always
(it seems) been well-served by email discussion fora.
This page offers a list of such resources which
Classicists (professional and budding) might find
useful along with brief descriptions.
- Classics: Egyptian Antiquity,
Latin, Greek and Geometry Will Be Found Here
- Mainly a site about ancient mathematics, but with Greek
grammar for Euclid also.
- Classics Meta-Search
- Search several classics search engines from this
site. Look up words in Latin & Greek, search
Perseus, find the meaning of rhetorical terms, etc.
- THE CLASSICS PAGE at Ad
- Links to their & other Latin texts. The
sections are as follows: Latin Texts, Classical Links
of General Interest, Classical Associations &
Groups, Classical Journals, Special Sites and
Homepages, Discussion Lists, Images of the Ancient
World, Latin Resources.
- The Classics Page
- You'll find over 500 pages of news, information,
games and controversy about the life, literature, art
and archaeology of the ancient world of Greece &
Rome. Plus an award-winning bookshop!
- MythNET | Rome Unleashed | Rome Exposed | Latin
- Colosseum Papercraft Building
- Create your own 3-D Colesseum by printing, cutting,
& pasting the .pdf files here. Canon
also has models of the Parthenon, the lighthouse of
Alexandria, the Great Pyramid, the Parthenon, the
Trojan Horse, and other items of interest.
- Commission for Ancient
Literature & Latin Tradition
- Bibliographie Homer 1978-1992
- Altgriechische Musik /
Ancient Greek Music. Modern
reconstructions of ancient Greek music.
- Homer-Singen / Homeric
- Altgriechische Aussprache /
Classical Greek Pronunciation
- Nachleben des antiken Mythos.
Greek gods--Latin books on-line
- Concordances of Great Books
- Great books from A to Z, including ancient authors
Fables to Virgil
- Contexts and Comparisons: A
Guide to the Great Works Courses
- Backbround material for the following areas.
- I.Epic Poetry II.Sacred Texts III.Classical Drama
IV.Medieval Narrative V.Renaissance Literature
I.Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Works of Fantasy,
Philosophy, and Satire II.Versions of Romanticism
III.Nineteenth-Century Prose Narrative IV.Modern Drama
V.Twentieth-Century Prose and Poetry
- CPDL.org: The Choral Public
- "The Choral Public Domain Library (CPDL) is the
largest website devoted exclusively to free choral
sheet music. Begun in December 1998, the site already
has over 230 contributors and 5,000 scores," many of
them in Latin.
- Dale Grote's Third Semester
- Easy Latin texts for third semester Latin. The
stories of Perseus, Hercules, Jason, & tales of
- Deeds of Arms
- Deeds of Arms A Collection of Accounts of
Formal Deeds of Arms of the Fourteenth Century
edited by Steven Muhlberger. Excerpts from the
Chronicle of the Monk of St. Denis, Chronique du
Religieux de Saint-Denys, ed. M.L. Bellaguet, v.
1 (Paris: Crapelet, 1839). Steven
Muhlberger has a number af other helpful
resources at his home
page covering late antiquity, the Middle Ages,
and the history of democracy.
- The Dictionary of the History
- The Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies
of Selected Pivotal Ideas. Ed. Philip P. Wiener.
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973-74. Good
source for philosophy & religion articles.
Maintained by the Electronic
Text Center at the University of
- Didaskalia--Ancient Theatre
- "Didaskalia is an electronic resource and
journal dedicated to the study of ancient Greek and
Roman drama in performance. . . . Didaskalia
is an English-language publication about Greek and
Roman drama, dance, and music as they are performed
today. The name Didaskalia is taken from the
inscriptions used to record the outcomes of drama and
music festivals in Athens." The site has an
excellent introduction to ancient drama, schedules of
modern performances, and a journal with articles on
the drama, classic & classic-related.
- Digital Facsimiles of
- Some good images of medieval mss. Includes
Lucretius, the Bible, a beastiary, and many other
- DIGRESSUS, the Internet
Journal for the Classical World
- "Digressus, a fully refereed online journal
formed by a consortium of postgraduates at the
universities of Nottingham and Birmingham, UK, seeks
primarily to give postgraduates interested in
Classical Studies the opportunity to begin
- Dr. J's Illustrated Guide To
The Classical World
- "This site is designed to open up the world of
classical antiquity to students of all levels. Enjoy!
Use of files, images, and text for educational
purposes is encouraged, with appropriate attribution."
This site has pictures of Greece, Italy, Latin grammar
helps, timelines, etc.
Classical Greek and Hellenic Literature
- Online texts arranged by the Dewey decimal system
- Dewey Latin and
- Online texts arranged by the Dewey decimal system
Digital Michelangelo Project
- OK, so he's Renaissance, but much of his work shows
- Translations of works for the study of women in the
- Eis Aphroditen
- "The Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, composed and
sung by Christos Zygomalas." Has the original
Greek text, a verse translation, and a .mp3
performance of the Greek hymn.
- Electronic Text Center --
University of Virginia
- The Center combines an on-line archive of thousands
of SGML-encoded electronic texts and images with a
library service that offers hardware and software
suitable for the creation and analysis of text.
- This list by Maria Pantelia is organized,
up-to-date, and annotated.
- Elpenor's Bilingual
(Greek/English) Anthology of Primary Sources
- Material from Homer forward from É L L
O P O S: The Greek Word. Three Millennia of Greek
- The Encyclopedia Mythica
- An encyclopedia of mythology, folklore, and legend.
It contains over 5700 definitions of gods and
goddesses, supernatural beings and legendary creatures
and monsters from all over the world
- Eos: The University of
- Various books from the University of Chicago that
have been photographically scanned.
- Eos: A Topographical
Dictionary of Ancient Rome
- This reference book has been photographically
scanned. It tells about ancient temples,
- Epicurus & Epicurean
- "Epicurus helped lay the intellectual foundations
for modern science and for secular individualism, with
many aspects of his system still highly relevant. . .
. Follow the links below to learn more about
Epicurus and his philosophy!"
- "This website serves as an informational resource
documenting the legacy of Epicureanism with electronic
texts, photography, book lists, news items, and links
to related sites."
- Epistolae Abaelardi et
- The letters of Abelard and Heloise posted by Martin
- Erasmus Text Project
- The purpose of this web site is to make available
over the web various texts of Desiderius Erasmus.
Presently I am putting on-line all of the
public-domain texts and translations that I can get my
hands on. I will tend to give priority to those works
less available in print.
- Est linguam latinam, Carole
- Charlie Brown in Latin. What stipes
thought that up?
- Etruscans on the Web
- Links to sites dealing with Etruscans.
- Exploring Ancient World
Cultures: Index of Internet Resources
- Site introduction: "The EAWC Internet Index tracks a
variety of resources that are relevant to ancient and
medieval times and that might prove useful to students
and teachers who are engaged in serious study. It is
divided into five sub-indices:
internet site index and
primary text index.
- Each of these is further divided into sections, one
for each of the cultures represented: the Near East,
India, Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, Early Islam and
and Mythology Electronic Texts
- Links to the texts of many tales & myths on the
Internet. "D.L Ashliman has placed hundreds of
these tales on this well-designed website for the
edification of the web-browsing public."
- "We host a number of materials for the classical
scholar, including texts, translations, articles, and
other pedagogical resources. The centerpost of Forum
Romanum is the Corpus
Latinorum, a digital library covering the entire
body of Latin literature, from the earliest epigraphic
remains to the Neo-Latinists of the eighteenth
century." This site is like the Gutenberg of
Latin. It has links to authors from Abelard to
George Oritz Collection [QuickTime, .mpg]
- This site is an online version of a travelling
exhibit of the unique private collection of George
Oritz, who has been gathering Greek, Egyptian,
Mesopotamian, and other artifacts for some 42 years.
At the site, visitors can view the full collection
(280 pieces), along with catalog entries for each
piece, as well as 20 key works presented in 3D via
QuickTime VR. The collection is browsed by 36
geographic sections (Near East, Greek World, China,
etc.), some of which are further divided by type of
artifact. Each entry links to the full catalog
description and a larger image. Also included at the
site are a glossary and some video clips from a
television interview of Oritz. [MD]
- The Golden
- Sir James George Frazer. The Golden Bough:
A Study in Magic and Religion. "A
monumental study in comparative folklore, magic and
religion, The Golden Bough shows parallels between the
rites and beliefs, superstitions and taboos of early
cultures and those of Christianity. It had a great
impact on psychology and literature and remains an
early classic anthropological resource." From Bartleby.com
- Google Print
- "Google's mission is to organize the world's
information, but much of that information isn't yet
online. Google Print aims to get it there by putting
book content where you can find it most easily – right
in your Google search results. . . . Just do an
ordinary Google search. When we find a book whose
content contains a match for your search terms, we'll
link to it in your search results."
- Aeschines, Aeschylus, Aesop, Antisthenes, Apollonius
of Perga, Archimedes, Aristippus, Aristophanes,
Aristotle, Claudius Galen, Epictetus, Epicurus,
Euclid, Euripides, Gilgamesh, Herodotus, Hesiod,
Hippocrates, Homer, Horace, Lao Tzu, Livy, Lucan,
Lucian of Samosata, Lucretius, Marcus Tullius Cicero,
Marcus Aurelius, New Testament, Nicomachus of Gerasa,
Old Testament, Origen, Ovid, Plato, Plotinus,
Plutarch, Ptolemy, Pyrrho of Elis, Sappho, Sophocles,
Tacitus, Thucydides, The Vedas, Virgil, Xenophon, Zeno
and Latin Classics Texts.
- Library of Congress links to texts on the internet.
- Greek Medicine from the Gods
- "The Greeks bequeathed to subsequent generations
many insights into the practice of medicine -- along
with observations about anatomy and physiology. This
online exhibit, sponsored by the National Library of
Medicine's History of Medicine Division, offers a
brief overview of these discoveries." (The Scout
Report. June 6 2003)
- Greek Mythology Links
- The Greek Mythology Link
is a new collection of the Greek myths written and
published on line by Carlos Parada, author of the book
Guide to Greek Mythology, published in 1993. The
Greek Mythology Link
contains texts, images, tables and maps. The mythical
accounts are based exclusively on classical sources.
- Greek Philosophy:
- Translations of ancient texts, articles on Greek
philosophy, downloads, etc.
- A Handbook of Rhetorical
- This book contains definitions and examples of more
than sixty traditional rhetorical devices, all of
which can still be useful today to improve the
effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of your
- "This is an ongoing project documenting in
photographs many of the places and artifacts mentioned
by Herodotus (c 500 -- c 425 BCE) in his Inquiries.
This site is updated monthly with photographic tours
that are hyperlinked with the text."
- "Here is an example of recitation in action. Figure
I offers the first seven lines of the Aeneid in full
scansion. Follow the meter as you listen to the sound
- Hippocrates On-Line
- If you're interested in Hippocrates, Galen, and
other ancient medical writers, try the "Collection
de rééditions de textes anciens"
from the BIUM
(Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de
Médecine, Paris). Texts are in
Greek, Latin, & French. English translations
of Hippocrates and Galen are available from the Medicina
- A Historic Atlas Resource -
- Maps of Ancient and Medieval Europe and the Middle
East. Some of them require Shockwave.
- Historical Maps of Europe
- From "the Perry-Castañeda
Library Map Collection (PCL 1.306), a general
collection of more than 250,000 maps covering all
areas of the world."
- Historical Maps Overview
- "This document lists all historical maps either (1)
directly accessed from the Culture 4.0 CD-ROM (159
internal images stored as JPG files), or (2) or
externally accessed at WWW (internet) sites linked by
the program. These maps, the bulk of them being scans
from early 20th-Century historical atlases, are listed
below, both chronologically by era and
geographically." Provided by "Culture®
4.0: The Contextual Guide and Internet Index to
Western Civilization (a PC- and Mac-compatible
- History & Politics:
- A page of articles run by Ling Ouyang.
- Horace's Villa
- "Salve! This site offers information about
Horace's Villa and the excavations undertaken there
from 1997 to 2001. Among the many features you will
find are QuickTime panoramas of the site as well as
Horace's villa poetry read in Latin by Prof. Matthew
Dillon of Loyola Marymount University. There are also
videos about Horace's villa and about another
important villa, the Villa of the Papyri, which has
been recreated at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu,
California (currently closed to the public for
- Horreum - Lexicum nominum
- A page of Latin names for geographical sites.
It doesn't have many names for American cities
It does have Vasintonia for Washington.
- How to Host a Roman Orgy
- From the Interactive
Drma website. "There's a lot more to throwing a
good old-fashioned Roman revel than just draping
yourself in bedsheets and getting wild. The ancients
took their fun seriously; dinnertime debauchery was an
art refined over the course of centuries, from the
relatively austere decadence of Tiberius in the first
century A.D. (naked waitresses) to the boundlessly
inventive frolics of certain third-century emperors
(don't even ask)."
- Hypermail archives
- Archives for several mailing lists related to the
- The IED: The Indo-European
- "The IED project is supervised by Alexander Lubotsky
and Robert Beekes. The aim of the project is
- to compile etymological databases containing the
inherited vocabulary of various Indo-European
branches and to publish them on the Internet;
- to create an Indo-European etymological database
on the Internet;
- to compile a new Indo-European etymological
dictionary, which will replace Julius Pokorny's
Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch
(Bern: Francke, 1959). Although Pokorny's
masterpiece is an indispensable tool used by
Indo-Europeanists for all kinds of research, it is
completely outdated. A new dictionary is a
- The whole project is planned in such a way that
every researcher will be responsible for one language,
the one in which he or she is specialized. Later, the
collected evidence will be rearranged in accordance
with the respective Proto-Indo-European roots."
- Imperium Romanum (The Roman
- "When we civilized the world the first time we did
not ask anyone for permission...nor will we this
time!" They have their own constitution
- Interactive Ancient
- "IAM is an on-line atlas of the ancient
Mediterranean world designed to serve the needs and
interests of students and teachers in high school,
community college and university courses in classics,
ancient history, geography, archaeology and related
- International Latin Meetup
- "Join other Latin Speakers and Students
near you! Wanna do as the Romans do (or did)?
Meetup with other local Classical Latin students,
perhaps even scholars, to learn, brush up or "speak" a
- Internet Ancient History
- The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook
has expanded greatly since its creation, and now
contains hundred of local files as well as links to
source texts throughout the net.
- The Internet Classics
Archive: 441 searchable works of classical
- Select from a list of 441 works of classical
literature by 59 different authors, including
user-driven commentary and "reader's choice" Web
sites. Mainly Greco-Roman works (some Chinese and
Persian), all in English translation.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP)
- "The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy was founded
in 1995 for the purpose of providing detailed,
scholarly information on key topics and philosophers
in all areas of philosophy. The IEP is free of charge
and available to all internet users world wide. Unlike
most printed philosophy reference works, the IEP is
continually revised and updated. It is among the most
heavily accessed philosophy sites on the Internet and
receives over 5,000 visitors daily." A good place to
start your research on philosophy, both ancient &
- Various resources from Leiden University.
Bibliographies mostly, including ones for Pindar,
Bacchylides, Apollonius Rhodius, Aratus, Bion,
Callimachus, Epigram, Hermesianax, Herodas, Lycophron,
Moschus, Nicander, Nonnus, Oppian, Quintus of Smyrna,
Theocritus ; Hellenistic History, Hellenistic Poetry
1995-1999; Catullus, Ovid, Valerius Flaccus, Virgil;
'Homeric' Simile, Lucianus. Good starting point
for research papers.
Digital Library committed to accuracy,
accessibility and usability, offering texts and
corpora as lexical hypertexts. Powered by
Èulogos IntraText dLib: HLT-based Digital
Library System." Texts in: Albanian, Chamorro,
Croatian, Czech, Danish, Deutsche, Dutch, English,
Español, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish,
Français, Gaelic, (Scots), Greek, modern
(Translit.), Hungarian, Icelandic, Italiano,
Letzeburgesch, (Luxembourgeois), Lingua, latina,
Lithuanian, Maltese, Moldavian, Norwegian, Pali,
Polish, Português, Româna, Sanskrit
(Translit.), Sardo, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian,
Swahili, Swedish, Tetum, Vietnamese. General Map
- James O'Donnell (JOD) has a site that includes the
following: "Avatars of the Word: From Papyrus to
Cyberspace," "Bryn Mawr Reviews," "Electronic Journals
on the Internet," "Augustine of Hippo," "Apuleius, Apologia,"
"Boethius." One of the best sites for Augustine on the
- Janus Quirinus
- "The main theme of this site is Roman history,
although I may include other areas of Classics too.
This is a site in the process of being put together.
The only complete section is “Essays”. Hey, Rome was
not built in a day. If it was, I would have asked the
designer(s) for help."
for Kids! Antiquity on the Web
- Links to sites designed for kids. Brought to
you by: Hebe, Goddess of Youth
- Know the
- This site is easy to navigate and has a simple
design, but is yet very attractive. It includes
information about many different areas of Roman life,
with differentiated quizzes to test your knowledge on
the Romans. The site has many images and videos which
gives people the opportunity to learn in different
ways. The website is written so it is easy to read and
- Greek, Classical Latin, Medieval Latin texts.
Into the Roman World
Thayer's extensive site. He has texts,
including Ptolemy & Quintus Curtius & William
Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.
He also has photos & information on ancient
culture & art.
- "Thirty-one years (1969-1999)
of the Année philologique (volumes 40
to 70) have now been put on-line by the
Société Internationale de
Bibliographie Classique, under the direction of
Éric Rebillard, in collaboration with the
American Philological Association and the Database
of Classical Bibliography."
- From E. L. Easton
Materials for Teaching and Learning
- "LINGUA LATINA. CIAO! HELLO! SALVE!
WELCOME TO THE NEWEST RESOURCES FOR ACCURATE AND
PROMPT ITALIAN AND LATIN TRANSLATIONS, NARRATIONS,
EDITING AND VOICE-OVERS." Links to MANY Latin
dictionaries--over 30 Latin-English dictionaries.
- Literature in Latin &English from Abelard to
William of Ockham.
- Who says Latin is a dead language? Liven up those
cold winter nights with some of these Latin Christmas
Carols! Pax tecum sit!
- Latin Proverbs
- Proverbs from PhatNav's Encyclopedia /
Wikipedia. Also see the List
of Latin Phrases.
- Latin Weather Underground
- The weather forcast in Latin.
- Software, grammar, e-texts, & other links.
- Latin1 E-Texts
- Links to Snow White in Latin, Alice in
Wonderland in Latin, Catullus, &the Vulgate.
- Latine Discere
- Study aids & selections from the Interlinear
Horace for the Oxford Latin Course.
- A site with some late Latin authors like Boccaccio
and Erasmus. It also has some great links to other
- "Welcome to Latinlinks - links to Latin & Greek
websites, and information about ancient Roman wines
& viticulture." There are lots of
good links from this site.
- LEGIO XIIII: Ancient History
Brought to Life
- "Legion XIIII is a small but successful business
empire, organised by Marcvs Cassivs and his son Caivs
and supported by several very gifted and enthusiastic
ancient historians and archaeologists. Our primary
objective being to revive the heritage of European
culture, and bring the excitement of ancient history
into the lives of present and future generations. . .
. Our operations in the UK presently include
demonstrations and research from the ancient Greek and
- LEGIO XX: The Imperial Roman
Twentieth Lengion: Bringing Ancient Rome To Life
- "The Twentieth Legion was founded in 1991 to
recreate the soldiers of the Roman Army for public
demonstrations and living history displays. Our
weapons, armor, and accoutrements are all carefully
researched, and reconstructed at our own
expense." This site has detailed instructions on
making Roman costumes.
- LEGION XXIV
(VICESIMA - QUARTA) 24 MEDIA
- "Defending the Frontiers of Ancient Rome
in the Mid-Atlantic Province of North America.
First to Advance - Last to Retreat"
Articles on Ancient History.
- Articles on various ancient people and offices, and
customs. There are good references to primary
sources. A very useful site for getting started
- Various Latin expressions & sayings.
- Luciferous Logolepsy:
Dragging obscure words into the light of day
- A collection of 9,000 obscure English words, many
based in Greek or Latin.
- Logos - Multilingual
Translation Portal - Greek Literature
- Links to on-line Greek texts.
- Logos - Multilingual
Translation Portal - Latin Literature
- Links to on-line Latin texts.
- MAPPE DI CITTA' ed altre
mappe antiche diverse
- Old maps of various cities, including some in the
- Latin texts of Martial with literal translations.
- Martialis: The Epigrams of
- This is an insanely ambitious project. On this blog
I intend to present the Latin text and an English
translation of all the epigrams of the first-century
AD poet Marcus Valerius Martialis, better known to the
English-speaking world as Martial. By my reckoning
there are 1565 epigrams together with the five prose
prefaces - which at a rate of one a day will take the
better part of four-and-a-half years to cover.
Maps of Rome
maps of Rome supplied by Gary Brueggeman. A CIVES
- Medieval Writing
- This site is dedicated to the study of medieval
manuscripts. Ancient manuscripts were produced
by the same principles.
- Metis: A QTVR Interface for
Ancient Greek Archaeological Sites
- Archaelogical sites from Actium to Zakros. You
need Quicktime 3.0 or higher to access the material.
- Michael Hendry's Home Page
- Latin texts of Claudian, Juvenal, Propertius,
- Minerva: The International Review of
Ancient Art & Archaeology
- A journal of ancient archaeology with some of its
articles posted on-line.
- Mostly Medieval: Exploring the Middle
- Ok, it's later than our main focus, but one leads to
the other. "Here you will find information on
heraldry, myths and legends, religion, medicine, and
other aspects of life in Britain during the Middle
- The Mother of All Art &
- "Mother is sponsored by the School of
Art & Design at the University of Michigan."
- The Museum of Reconstructions
- "Traditional museums have collected and studied the
shattered remains of ancient cultures for centuries.
Now The Museum of Reconstructions (MOR) is advancing
the scientific study of art history by reconstructing
ruined masterpieces using three-dimensional modeling
technology. Developed in collaboration with leading
archaeologists, MOR reconstructions incorporate all
known information concerning the original state of a
site and include dimensionally accurate 3D computer
models based on existing publications and physical
surveys. The accuracy and completeness of the
reconstructions makes it possible to scientifically
study the intended visual effect of ruined
masterpieces of art."
- Museum Replicas
- This site mainly focuses on reproductions of
weaponry, but it also carries ancient clothing.
"Museum Replicas Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary
of Atlanta Cutlery Corp., a mail order catalog company
started in 1971 to sell hunting and other hard to find
knives and knife making supplies from all over the
world. Today we offer an extensive line of products
which includes period clothing, jewelry, sculptures
and well researched battle worthy edged weapons that
you would have been proud to carry in any battle if
you could go back in time. Apart from being
time-tested weapons, these relics of history are
excellent conversation pieces that could adorn your
den or mantle."
- Myths about gods of olden
- Roman gods, Egyptian gods, Saxon & Viking
Gods. "These web sites were designed for
children aged 7-11 years old (British Year 3-6 and
American Grade 3-6). In fact, people of all ages have
found them useful. They are not intended to be a
complete account of each mythology. Only the main gods
are covered, and every page has a picture, and not too
much text. The Roman site has some information on
month names and the solar system, and both the Roman
and Saxon/Viking sites have something on the days of
the week. My name is Jo Edkins."
- MYTHMEDIA - Mythology in
- The object of this project-- Mythmedia--is to form a
collection of art images relating to Classical
mythology. This collection consists of scanned images
from various periods of Western art which depict the
deities, and heroes mentioned in Homer. The images are
classified according to the names of the various
deities and heroes.
- Nefer Seba
- Links for the study of Greece, Rome, & Latin.
- "In a paper for one of my courses this year I
evaluated websites concerning Neo-Latin. I'll
translate the introduction soon, but please help
yourself to the list of links. If you think something
ought to be changed, please let me know. I've listed
the sites by type."
- NOESIS: Philosophical
Research On-Line: Topical Index: Home
- A cite that allows scholars to maintain their own
work at their host institutions and simultaneously
have that work disseminated next to the work of other
scholars. An encyclopedic collection of philosophy
authored by professionals in the field.
- Nova Roma (New Rome)
- "Because ancient Rome stands as the bedrock of
- Because Roman Virtues mean more than Family
- Because the Gods of Olympus are calling..."
This is an excellent site on Roman customs, rituals,
and religion. It discusses the Religio
Romana (Roman Religion) & what makes it
different from Greek religion.
- Odysseus' Homecoming
- Odysseus' Nostos (Homecoming) is a site that
summarizes the travels of Odysseus in a silent-movie
format flash animation.
- Oedipus and the Sphinx
- An article on the sphinx in the Oedipus myth and in
- Olympus 200 B.C.
- Virtual reconstruction of the shrines at Olympia as
they existed in 200 B.C. From The Powerhouse
- On Reciting Ancient Greek
- Hear selections of ancient Greek poetry
recited. You can follow along in the text, which
is posted on-line.
- The Online Books Page
- This site tries to catalogue of all the public
domain books available on-line. Classics are in
the following section: Call Numbers Starting With PA:
Classical Languages and Literature.
- The Online Medieval and
- The Online Medieval and Classical Library (OMACL) is
a collection of some of the most important literary
works of Classical and Medieval civilization.
- ON-LINE SURVEY OF
AUDIO-VISUAL RESOURCES FOR CLASSICS
- Looking for a video on Pompeii? An interactive
cd-rom game set in ancient Rome or Greece? Slides of
Crete, Delphi, or Roman Britain? Scholarly databases
on cd-rom? A performance of an Aristophanes play in
English or a Plautus play in Latin? Video and audio
lectures by Classics scholars on everything from Plato
to the Aeneid to the Fall of the Roman Empire? Comic
strips in Latin? Archaeology kits? Posters of the gods
to decorate your classroom? Latin and Greek lessons on
tape or disk? Maps, books on tape, and yes, even
filmstrips? Coloring books, jigsaw puzzles,
transparencies and activity books for our littlest
Classics aficionados? T-shirts, buttons, notecards,
coffee cups with Latin phrases? Museum reproductions
of ancient art?
- Orbis Latinus
- Orbis Latinus provides comprehensive information on
the old Latin language and the neo-Latin or Romance
languages: French, Italian, Portuguese, Rumanian,
Spanish, and also: Asturian, Catalan, Dalmatian,
Galician, Lombard, Occitan, Venetan, Walloon etc.The
Romance languages are spoken by more than 800 millions
people in the modern world. Try the Latin
Language (Lingua Latina) section.
- Ovid's Metamorphoses
- A good site for Ovid's Metamporphoses, with
the Latin text & images & bibliography.
The site is in German, but you should be able to find
what you want.
- Oxford Latin Course
- Drills to accompany Oxford Latin Course, second
edition. Copyright 2000 by Margaret B. Phillips. For
educational use only. Checks your answers
- The Oxford Text Archive
- "The Oxford Text Archive hosts AHDS Literature,
Languages and Linguistics. The OTA works closely with
members of the Arts and Humanities academic community
to collect, catalogue, and preserve high-quality
electronic texts for research and teaching. The OTA
currently distributes more than 2000 resources in over
20 different languages, and is actively working to
extend its catalogue of holdings." Free texts in
many languages. Uses all capital letters,
- The Pantheon
- An introduction to the Greek gods & to Greek
- Parallels and Connections
Between the Hellenic, Semitic, and Anatolian
- Bibliography of sources studying parallels among
Greek, Hebrew, & Mid-Eastern cultures.
- Peitho's Web: Classic
Rhetoric & Persuasion
- So far it has Diogenes Laertius Lives of the
Eminent Philosophers, Heraclitus of Ephesus,
Alcidamas "On the Sophists," Isocrates, The Divine
Sappho, Demetrius On Style, Cicero, De
Inventione, Topica, and Best Style of the
Orators, 'Longinus' On the Sublime,
Empedocles of Agrigentum, Lives of the Ten Orators,
Thomas Hobbes Brief of Aristotle's Rhetoric,
Horace Art of Poetry, Suetonius Lives of
- Perseus Digital Library
- Probably the BEST collection of primary texts, both
in the original languages and in translation. It
has other resources as well, such as dictionaries,
images, commentaries, etc. The University of
Chicago has recently added a Mirror Site
that is usually faster.
- Petronian Society for the
- Texts & discussions on ancient novels.
- Petronius, Satyricon
110.6-113.4 (Widow of Ephesus)
- Upon entering the site, you will find that the text
itself (Petronius,Satyricon 110.6-113.4)
appears in the upper frame of the main window. On the
surface, this tale presents a relatively light-hearted
bit of Roman misogynistic wit. A closer reading,
however, soon reveals interesting ambiguities that are
characteristic of Petronius' complex and elusive comic
novel. (For critical background, see the accompanying
to an on-line glossary, which is designed to appear in
the bottom frame of the main window.
- The Philological Museum
- A collection of more recent Latin texts. Addison,
Alabaster, Benlowe, Campion, Chrestien, Porta,
Fitzgeoffrey, Fletcher, Forsett, Gentili, Groto,
Gwinne, Kynaston, Kynaston, Mease, Milton, Owen,
Ruggle, Whear. Also has a bibliography of
on-line neo-Latin texts.
- Places of Peace and Power.
- Martin Gray is an anthropologist and photographer
specializing in the study of sacred sites and
pilgrimage traditions around the world. This web site
discusses Martin’s pilgrimage journeys and features
many of his photographs.
- 56 (or more by now) articles on poetic terms from Wikipedia.
of the Aegean
- An on-line textbook by Jeremy B. Rutter hosted by
- Mosaic making, Roman gardening, Bignor villa, Roman
tombstones, Roman inscriptions, Latin poetry, Latin
language, Spoken Latin & Greek, Harry Potter Latin
Quiz, Classical Face Quiz, Classical Computers Quiz.
- "Established in 1996 and headquartered in New York
City, The Book Report Network has drawn enthusiastic
approval and critical praise from publishers, authors,
educators and librarians. With close to 400,000 unique
users and 50,000 newsletter subscribers, these sites
are recognized by publishers as the catalyst to
efficiently and effectively reach audiences to promote
books and authors, as well as generate book sales."
- Recent Ovidian Bibliography is a fully searchable
and frequently updated database of publications
relating to Ovid from 1990-present.
- Religious Foundations of
- "Welcome to Religious Foundations of Athenian
Institutions. We hope to provide a compendium
database for the class, a site in which we can
share in the research and information we have
learned and, most importantly, a website
dedicated to the Religious Foundations of
Athenian Institutions." The site has the following
- "the Oresteia | Oracle of Delphi | Isthmian Games
| Nemean Games | Pythian Games | Olympic Games |
the Bacchae and Dionysus | Eleusinian Mysteries |
- >From DR. J'S
ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO THE CLASSICAL WORLD
- Res Novae
- Most notable for its Latinitas
(Modern Latin) dictionary. autoraeda =
- Retiarius: Commentarii
- The first issues of this Latin-only, web-only
journal devoted to the study of Latin written from
antiquity to the present, and to publishing new texts
in Latin, have now been published.
- Rhetorical Figures
- Rhetorical terms with definitions & examples,
such as: "Hyperbaton: separation of words which belong
together, often to emphasize the first of the
separated words or to create a certain image."
Glossary of Literary Terms and A Handbook of
Rhetorical Devices, which is searchable.
- Rich Hamper's Rome Resource
- Cosmetics and Perfumes, Epithets and Other
Interjections -- how did the Romans cuss and
swear?, Food, Drink, and Meals, Hair and Beards,
Naming Conventions (during the Late Republic), Place
Names -- a list of Roman towns in Italy and their
modern counterparts, Roman Government Officials
(during the Late Republic), Roman Trivia, Sanitation,
Shops, Some Roman Weights and Measures
- Roman Calendar
- The months & days of the Roman calendar.
"What day is today? Is it just another weekday, or
some great ancient festival? And how about your
birthday? Is it sacred to some god in the Roman
Pantheon? Our ancient ancestors always knew what day
it was -- they had a calendar so constant it was
chiseled in stone and painted on walls in their
- Roman Cuisine
- What Romans ate, how they preserved food, cooked
it and ate
it. The Ancient
Roman Recipes section gives recipes for various
foods from Apicius.
- Roman Emperors - DIR--De
- DIR is an on-line encyclopedia on the rulers of the
Roman empire from Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to
Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453).
Empire Timeline from Partheon
Food and Drink
- What follows is mostly a tabular synopsis of what
kinds of bread, vegetables, fruit, and drink the
Romans of the Late Roman Republic were accustomed to
as well as a couple of short tables showing how
everyday meals and fancy dinner parties were different
from one another. From
- Rich Hamper's Rome Resource
History, Coins, and Technology Back Pages
- This site "contains a Roman numeral conversion
section along with a test over Roman numerals.
Also of interest is section that will convert dates to
and from the Gregorian and Julian calendars as well as
expressing the Julian calendar conversion in Roman
- The Roman Orgy Page
- Before you get all excited, you should know that
this is a site dedicated to Roman cooking.
"Everything you ever wanted to know about the art of
antique roman cooking."
- Roman Sources
- Brian K. Harvey's links for his Roman archaeology
- RomanSites - Gateway to 1,672
Websites on Ancient Rome
- RomanSites is a bibliographical tool that can be
used as a proxy for searching the Web very rapidly for
Roman material – in essence, a manual search engine.
- The Romans in Britain
- "The history of the Romans in Britain - 100 B.C. to
450 A.D. Along with insights into Roman life, the
military and how the Romans changed Britain." Of
special interest is Roman
recipes of the upper classes.
- RomanSites • Language
&Literature - Reports on 115 websites
- This is one of the 24 non-overlapping subject pages
of RomanSites. It covers 149 of the more than 1,900
websites currently listed.
- Romarch: Roman Art and
- "The ROMARCH pages are the original crossroads for
Web resources on the art and archaeology of early
Italy and the Roman world, from the earliest
settlements to Late Antiquity. ROMARCH is now hosted
by DePauw University, at: http://acad.depauw.edu/romarch/.
The site originated in the Department of Classics and
the Interdepartmental Program in Classical Art and
Archaeology (IPCAA) at the University of Michigan, and
grew at the Department of Classics at the University
of Cincinnati, and at Stanford University."
Among other things, this site has a nice article on "Age,
House." That article has an diagram of how
people reclined to eat.
- Rome Exposed
Welcome to Rome Exposed, the site geared toward the
spreading of information on Roman Life throughout the
Internet. This site is one of the sections of Classics
Unveiled. Please feel free to take a look
around. On the other sections of the Classics
Unveiled, you can find information on Greek Mythology,
Roman History and Latin Vocabulary and Derivatives.
- Royal Athena Galleries
- "The world's most extensive selection of fine art of
the Ancient World. Also dealing in Islamic Art,
European Sculpture, Old Master Prints & Drawings,
Classical Coins, Egyptian & Classical Prints and
Photographs." There are some really nice things
for sale here. And some good pictures to look at
for those of us who can't afford to buy.
- Russian University Texts
- Some Russian university offers these texts now
(7/21/2004). They may have more later.
Texts: Apuleus, Caesar, Cicero, Flaccus,
Frontinus, Gellius, Hyginus, Lucretius, Mela, Ovid,
Statius, Tacitus, Virgil
Texts: Homer, Plato, Statius
- SALLUSTII CATILINA
- "This is a work in progress.....I was fortunate to
find an interlinear on this story....dated 1885....in
excellent shape, but in need of some revision, mostly
for the sake of putting it in HTML format. I
have endeavored to put it in a form that makes it easy
for someone to get the feel for Latin by reading
- A class's links & discussion of the Roman
festival of the Saturnalia (the predecessor of
Skit & More
- Saturnalia material from the Texas
- Scaning Poetry: Dactylic
- What follows is not a complete discussion of
hexameter verse, but a utilitarian guide to the first
principles of recitation. As such, some
liberties have been taken for the sake of
clarity; but with these principles in mind,
students should be able to approach with some
confidence the daunting prospect of reading Latin epic
- Scrabble in Latin
- Hints on playing Scrabble in Latin. From KET. More
hints are available here.
- SCHOLIA: Studies in
- "Scholia features critical and pedagogical
articles and reviews on a diverse range of subjects
dealing with classical antiquity, including late
antique, medieval, Renaissance and early modern
studies related to the classical tradition; in
addition, there is news about museums and articles on
classical artefacts in museums in New Zealand and the
J. A. Barsby Essay."
- "Scholia Reviews is an electronic journal of
reviews, a selection of which are published annually
in printed form in Scholia, an international journal
of the Classics."
- "Scribax is a DirectorTM Movie that
writes short simple Latin sentences and translates
them into English. It has a vocabulary of 200
verbs and 250 nouns; and it can therefore make up more
than 100 million Latin sentences. Scribax was
programmed to think in Latin, so its Latin should be
correct, its English somewhat inadequate, and its
common sense non-existent (sometimes the bizarre
sentences it comes up with can be vaguely
- Shay, Jonathan. (Articles by Jonathan Shay)
- I'm a big fan of Jonathan Shay's work. He
writes about the connection between classics and the
modern world, especially regarding WAR.
- War, Chaos, and Business
has the following articles:
- "Killing Rage: Physis
OR Nomos - Or Both?"
- "Trust: Lubricant for 'Friction' in Military
- "Achilles, Odysseus, Agamemnon: Homer On Military
The Stoic Voice Journal
"The Stoic Voice Journal is a monthly e-mail/online
publication featuring contemporary and classic works
on the history, theory, practical application, and
creative expression of Stoicism. Its primary purpose
is to help facilitate the re-emergence of Stoicism as
a living and practical philosophy for the modern age.
The Stoic Voice Journal is a free publication
and is committed to the ideal of Stoic fellowship.
This is a place where modern Stoics and Stoic-minded
persons can share and learn in a comfortable setting.
For those visitors who are not familiar with Stoicism,
this is an excellent starting place to learn more
about the modern Stoic experience."
The Suda On-Line
The Suda is a 10th century Byzantine Greek
historical encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean
world in five volumes, derived from the scholia to
critical editions of canonical works and from
compilations by yet earlier authors, much that is
ultimately derived from the earliest or best
authorities in ancient scholarship.
- Dêmos ·
Classical Athenian Democracy · a Stoa
Publication. "Our goal is to build a
digital encyclopedia of classical Athenian democracy
that will be useful to a wide audience. We hope not
only to describe the history, institutions, and
people of democratic Athens in the 5th and 4th
centuries BCE, but to invite you, our audience, to
explore, discover, and judge for yourselves."
for Hellenic Studies Multitext Homer Project.
Homer & other ancient texts on the model of the
Stephen Greenblatt. The Swerve: How the World Became Modern.
Nearly six hundred years ago, a short, genial, cannily
alert man in his late thirties took a very old
manuscript off a library shelf, saw with excitement
what he had discovered, and ordered that it be copied.
That book was the last surviving manuscript of an
ancient Roman philosophical epic, On the Nature
of Things, by Lucretius—a beautiful poem of the
most dangerous ideas: that the universe functioned
without the aid of gods, that religious fear was
damaging to human life, and that matter was made up of
very small particles in eternal motion, colliding and
swerving in new directions. The copying and
translation of this ancient book-the greatest
discovery of the greatest book-hunter of his
age-fueled the Renaissance, inspiring artists such as
Botticelli and thinkers such as Giordano Bruno; shaped
the thought of Galileo and Freud, Darwin and Einstein;
and had a revolutionary influence on writers such as
Montaigne and Shakespeare and even Thomas Jefferson.
16 pages full-color illustrations
Temple University Department
of Greek, Hebrew, and Roman Classics
Links to Temple's resources, including Robin
Mythology page with her Epic page and her Greek
Tetius Latinitatis Lexicon
Many months ago someone on this list or the grex
alter announced the availability via the web of the
granddaddy of all Latin-Latin lexicons, the Totius
Latinitatis Lexicon by Egidio Forcellini. This is in a
raster based format rather than character based (e.g.
ascii.) and requires a plugin called cpcview. After
using the programm for a few weeks, I was unable to
get it to function any longer. Today I tried an alternate
URL provided by Hyginus Garcia at his new
site. You can look up the Latin definitions of
You can look up definitions for ancient & modern
This site has introductions to the history of
theater and some excellent articles on various plays,
playwrites, etc. A good place for secondary
sources. The articles are divided according to
nationality, author, and subject.
THEOI PROJECT - A Guide to
Greek Gods, Spirits & Monsters
A good site to do research on the ancient Greek
gods. "Welcome to Theoi.com a guide to the
Ancient Greek Pantheon of Gods (Theoi),
Spirits (Daimones) and Monsters (Theres).
Here you will find individual entries the various
divinities & monsters containing quotes sourced
from a wide and growing variety of Classical Texts.
Many are also illustrated with pictures from C5th BC
Greek Vase Painting."
"The media studies website with resources on
identities, theorists, gender and much more."
The high point of the site is the collection of Theory
Trading Cards. Not a place to study classics
itself, but a place to learn about the approaches to
analyzing literature & culture that are popular
TOCS-IN: Tables of Contents
of Journals of Interest to Classicists
"TOCS-IN provides the tables of contents of a
selection of Classics, Near Eastern Studies, and
Religion journals, both in text format and through a
Web search program. Where possible, links are given
with articles of which the full text or an abstract is
available online (about 15%)." Something like a
MLA search for classics. Good for finding
articles for RESEARCH PAPERS. Check here
for the abbreviation
key. (You'll need to use Internet Explorer for
Transliteration of Greek,
Hebrew, & other languages
"The links below are to the scanned text of the 1997
edition of the ALA-LC Romanization Tables:
Transliteration Schemes for Non-Roman Scripts,
approved by the Library of Congress and the American
Art reflecting the Trojan War theme.
Troy: Project Troia
News & information about the excavations at
Turning the Pages: Medieval
"The British Library's award-winning system Turning
the Pages. Just click on the links, wait a few
moments, then turn the pages of our great
books." Look at several books in medieval Latin.
Unicode Polytonic Greek Font
"Aristarcoj, Cardo, Hindsight Unicode, and
Alphabetum are the only ones complete with all the
archaic numerals and Coptic characters [as of 2002;
several archaic characters have since been added to
the Unicode standard; will have to address them in the
next release]. New Athena Unicode and Galilee
Unicode Gk have all the numerals, but no Coptic. The Aristarcoj
characters embody my personal appearance
preferences.* My other pick as to appearance is
GentiumAlt (the regular Gentium uses the tilde
accent), but unfortunately it contains no numerals."
The Vergil Project
"The Vergil Project is a collaborative enterprise
dedicated to collecting, creating, and disseminating
resources for teaching and research about Vergil. Its
main goal is to develop an on-line, interactive
hypertext database of all materials that might be of
interest to any student of Vergil, from the novice to
the professional scholar, from the passionate amateur
to the casual browser. The purpose of this resource is
to facilitate the study and enjoyment of Vergil's
poetry and to make it freely accessible to the widest
Wilfried Stroh Reads in Latin Virgil's The
Aeneid, Book IV. From Wired for Books.
Pagina prima ex Wikipedia, libera
"Ave! Vicipædia (sive Wikipedia)
cooperandi opus est ut creatur Libera Encyclopaedia.
Omnes ad participandum invitati sunt. Nunque sunt 2332
articuli." Vicipedia is the Latin version of Wikipedia.
to Wikipedia! We are building an open-content
encyclopedia in many languages. We started in January
2001 and are now working on 269230 articles in the
English version." Check out the article on Dactylic
Hexameter So far only about 2000+ have been
translated into Latin, but more are being posted
Virgil: Spoken Recordings of
Selected Latin Texts
More selections, primarily from Book IV of the Aeneid.
The fourth edition of "Virgil in Late Antiquity, the
Middle Ages, and Renaissance: An Online Bibliography"
is now online. The Appendix Vergiliana has now
been added to the Virgil search engine. Expanded
links, including new outlines, course syllabi, and a
partial translation of Alexander Neckham's Anecdota
de Vergilio (1181).
VRoma itself can be conceptualized in two distinct
(though related) ways:
- SESQUIULYSSES, & Sesculysses,is, m. quasi unus
& dimidius Ulysses, Varro hoc titulo inscripsit
unam e satyris suis, posuitque pro homine
astutissimo & callidissimo. Citat hanc satyram
Plin. in praefat. Histor. nat. & Nonius saepe.
White Trash Scriptorium:
Various Latin works (including some neo-Latin) in
zipped & online forms.
Wired for Books from Ohio University
Why the Greeks Matter
"Aug. 2, 2004 -- The Greeks gave us
democracy, the Olympics and edible grape leaves. But
2,500 years later, what other traces have they left on
modern society? In an age of Internet blogs and
reality TV, join NPR's Neal Conan and his guests to
explore why the Greeks still matter." A program
of the Nation.
Women in Greek Myths
Myths and images of women & goddesses in ancient
Wordtheque: Word by Word
Documents in their original languages, including Greek,
with 898 Latin documents currently (11/2/2004).
Legends in Art
- an on-line "place," modeled to some extent upon
the ancient city of Rome, where students and
instructors can interact live, hold courses and
lectures, and share resources for the study of the
ancient world. As an on-line virtual environment,
VRoma contextualizes and situates linguistic and
cultural information within a simulated space, a
virtual 'city' containing historical places (a
simulation of the city of Rome circa 150 CE) and
non-historical places (simulations of various types
of spaces that imaginatively evoke ancient
- a collection of and filter for internet resources,
which will be accessible in a variety of formats for
individual learning, research and perusal. These
extendible and customizable resources will include
texts, commentaries, images, maps and other
materials. Students and instructors will also have
the option of customizing materials to suit their
own reading levels and curricula.
Available in Greek
here in books 1, 2,
and in Greek
and English here.
Latin Quotes, Latin
Phrases, Latin Mottos and Latin
Quotations. Over 1,800 Latin Quotes, Latin
Phrases, Latin Mottos and Latin Quotations with
- Myths are stories that explain why the world is
the way it is. All cultures have them. Throughout
history, artists have been inspired by myths and
legends and have given them visual form.
A full edition of the complete works of St.
Thomas according, where possible, to the best
A bibliography covering all the studies on
Aquinas and his doctrine, from the 13th century
through our days.
An index of the main tools of Thomistic
research, and the edition of the most important
A database management system, implemented to
search, compare, and sort words, phrases,
quotations, similitudes, correlations, and
A digital edition of the main manuscripts of
The Bible Crosswalk has several resources: "Bible
Study Tools, Online Study Bible, Bible In A Year,
Interlinear Bible, Parallel Bible, Commentaries,
Concordances, Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Lexicons,
History, Sermon Helps." The Vulgate is available
here. They have a great feature where you look
up a chapter, click on "study this chapter," and it
will give you links to several sources dealing with
The CrossWire Bible Society
Has several resources.
- The Age of King Charles V
- 1,000 illuminations from the department of
manuscripts of the Bibliothèque
Nationale de France. Images from Medieval
- The Anglican Library
- "The aim of the Anglican Library is to publish new
HTML editions of Christian literature from the
Anglican tradition and other works that have
traditionally been of interest to Anglicans. In
addition, we hope to serve as a guide to Anglican
literature located elsewhere on the internet."
Classical Library, a collection of works from
various time periods.
- ARTFL Project: Latin Vulgate
- At this site, you can do a word-search of the
- Augustine: The Confessions
- This document is an on-line reprint of Augustine:
Confessions, a text and commentary
Hipponensis / Sant'Agostino (St. Augustine of Hippo)
- A site with a large
amount of material on & by Augustine. It is
working on posting all his works in
of Biblical Hebrew
- Welcome to the Basics
of Biblical Hebrew language resource site for students
and instructors using Basics of Biblical Hebrew.
The site has some downloads.
- Bible Gateway
- "Welcome to
BibleGateway.com, a free service for reading and
researching scripture online-- all in the language or
translation of your choice! We provide advanced
searching capabilities based on keywords or scripture
references, and various tools to enhance your study of
the Bible." Help with Biblical Greek & Latin.
Book of Common Prayer in Various Editions
- The editions of the
Anglican Book of Common Prayer from 1549 through 1979.
- The Catholic
- The 1908 version of
the Catholic Encyclopedia has been put
on-line. Learn about everything from Aachen to
Ernst Zwirner. Excellent beginning point for
research on matters theological.
- Christian Classics
Ethereal Library (CCEL)
- The CCEL has several
resources, such as
- an encyclopedia
- Perhaps its most
important contribution is their on-line version of
Fathers. "The Early Church
Fathers is a 38-volume collection of
writings from the first 800 years of the Church.
This collection is divided into three series,
Ante-Nicene (ANF), Nicene and Post-Nicene Series I
(NPNF1), and Nicene and Post-Nicene Series II
- Several classic
commentaries on the Bible, mostly by John
Calvin but with other also.
- The Bibles
and Commentaries Browser, with scripture on
the left & commentary on the right.
- The World Wide
Study Bible, which the Bibles &
Commentaries Browser is designed to replace, still
has some elements that the newer version doesn't.
- The Online Study
Bible, with downloadable material.
Classics alphabetized by author.
- a Refenence
section with commentaries & translations
of the Bible into many languages.
- a section an church
- They have several
other resources, such as Philosophy,
Ethics, Christianity, The Bible, Doctrinal
Theology, Practical Theology, Christian
Denominations, Literature, Music, Bibles and
Commentaries, Classics, Creeds, Catechisms,
Liturgies, Early Church, Fiction, History, Hymns
and Hymnology, Mysticism, Reference, Sermons
Christmas Carol Treasury
- The Christmas Carol
Treasury has a selection of hymns in Latin.
- An on-line manuscript
of the Greek New Teatament.
- Corpus Thomisticum (St.
Thomas Aquinas' body of work)
- "The Corpus Thomisticum project aims to provide
scholars with a set of instruments of research on
Thomas Aquinas, freely available via Internet. It has
The Cyber Hymnal
The Cyber Hymnal has a selection of hymns in Latin
& Hebrew & many other languages.
The Digital Dead Sea Scrolls
The Israel Museum welcomes you to the Dead Sea
Scrolls Digital Project, allowing users to examine and
explore these most ancient manuscripts from Second
Temple times at a level of detail never before
possible. Developed in partnership with Google, the
new website gives users access to searchable,
fast-loading, high-resolution images of the scrolls,
as well as short explanatory videos and background
information on the texts and their history.
Digital Nestle-Aland Greek
"The Digital Nestle-Aland is the electronic form of
the standard scholarly edition of the Greek New
Testament. It offers two major features not available
in the printed book:
- "Web-based Bible powered by the SWORD Project and
OSIS. Features include user-customizable appearance
and user-selectable favorite books along with almost
every book available to users of the SWORD Project.
- The Sword Project . . . that allows programmers
and Bible societies to write new Bible software more
quickly and easily.
- JSword is a free Bible Study program written in
- FlashCards is a simple tool to help with
memorization. The package includes a quizzer and a
lesson editor. Keyboard input methods include Greek,
Hebrew, and Latin."
- Several other software resources.
Early Christian Writings
"Early Christian Writings: New Testament, Apocrypha,
Gnostics, Church Fathers. Early Christian
Writings: the New Testament, Apocrypha, Gnosticism,
Church Fathers: text information and translations of
Gnostic Gospels, apocryphal Acts, pseudepigrapha
epistles, and documents of ancient Christianity like
the Gospel of St Thomas" Ues their e-catena
to research commentaries on New Testament passages by
early Christian writers. The site alos includes a
color-coded synopsis of parts of the 4 gospels & a
reconstruction of Q. An impressive
Early Church Fathers
"Early Church Fathers - Additional Works in English
Translation unavailable elsewhere online" edited by
Roger Pearse. "These English translations are
all out of copyright, but were not included in the 39
volume collection of Ante-Nicene, Nicene and
Post-Nicene Fathers. Please take copies and
place online elsewhere. In some cases I have
felt it necessary to add an introduction to the online
text. These are all placed in the public domain
also -- copy freely." From The Tertullian
The Ecole Initiative:
Creating a Hypertext Encyclopedia of Early Church
History on the World-Wide Web
"The Early Church On-Line Encyclopedia (Ecole)
Initiative is a cooperative effort on the part of
scholars across the internet to establish a hypertext
encyclopedia of early Church history (to the
Reformation) on the World-Wide Web." Links to
everyone from Abbo of Fleury to Zoroaster. The
site also has glossary, images, articles,
and chronology sections. It has sources on various
pagan beliefs and practices, like Stoicism
and the Eleusinian
Mysteries (dealing with Demeter and Persephone).
Ethics Update Home Page
"Founded in 1994 and edited by Lawrence M. Hinman,
University of San Diego Ethics Updates is
designed primarily to be used by ethics instructors
and their students. It is intended to provide updates
on current literature, both popular and professional,
that relates to ethics." The site has resources
on various ethical issues, including introductions to
Greek ethics (esp Aristotle & Plato).
Annotated Bible Stories from the Vulgate. From
by Laura Gibbs. An excellent site.
"A WWW Resource on St. Francis &
Franciscanism." Includes these sections:
"WhatsNew - FAQ - Art - Articles -
Documents - History - Liturgy - Literature - Mary -
People - Saints." They have sources like the Dies
The Gnosis Archive:
Resources on Gnosticism and Gnostic Tradition
"A vast collection of materials and audio lectures
dealing with Gnosis and Gnosticism, both ancient and
modern. . . . The Gnostic Society Library contains a
vast collection of primary documents relating to the
Gnostic tradition as well as a selection of in-depth
audio lectures and brief archive notes designed to
orient study of the documents, their sources, and the
religious tradition they represent."
The Goodspeed Collection of
New Testament Manuscripts
"The Goodspeed Collection of New Testament
Manuscripts comprises 65 items that range in date from
the 7th to the 19th centuries. The Library plans to
continue the scholarly tradition of the collection by
creating a collection of high-quality digital images
from the 65 New Testament manuscripts and an
additional 100 papyri fragments. . . . The project is
a collaborative effort of University of Chicago
faculty and the Library and NSIT Digital Media Lab
Gospel of Thomas Commentary
"This site explores modern interpretations of the
Gospel according to Thomas, an ancient text preserved
in a Coptic translation at Nag Hammadi and Greek
fragments at Oxyrhynchus. With no particular slant,
this commentary gathers together quotations from
various scholars in order to elucidate the meaning of
the sayings, many of which are rightly described as
'obscure.'" Look at the original text,
translation, & commentary.
Greek/Latin New Testament Audio Readings
"INTERNET NEW TESTAMENT AUDIO RECORDING PROJECT: A
MATTER OF INTEREST TO STUDENTS OF NEW TESTAMENT GREEK
AND LATIN. This web site offers free MP3 audio-files
of high-quality recorded readings of the New Testament
in fluid koine Greek and vulgate Latin."
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of
"The Greek Orthodox Church in America sanctifies the
faithful through divine worship, especially the Holy
Eucharist and other Sacraments, building the spiritual
and ethical life of the faithful in accordance . . ."
Gregory of Nyssa
"These translations (some with introductions) are by
Richard McCambly, a Cistercian monk of St. Joseph's
Abbey in Spencer, Massachusetts. He has published
translations of many of Gregory's works, including the
Song of Songs Commentary and the Commentary
on The Inscriptions of The Psalms, both
published by Hellenic College Press. Other
translations have appeared in scholarly journals. This
page is maintained by David
"Welcome to the Hebrew Self-Study Homepage.
This website contains additional information about the
Yahoo Group, SelfStudyHebrew. This free group is for
anyone who would like to learn or improve their
classical Hebrew in an online/self-study format. There
are currently three active groups, using two different
textbooks. One group began in April of 2003 and is
using J. Weingreen's A Practical Grammar for
Classical Hebrew (Oxford University Press,1959).
Two new groups started in October 2002, one using
Weingreen and one using HaYesod (Philipp Feldheim;
The Hermetic Library -
"What is The Hermetic Library? The Hermetic
Library is the creation of Al Billings and is
his attempt to find a place to host his creations and
those of others that would not otherwise be available.
These creations are, by and large, of a spiritual
focus but not the areas of spirituality that you will
generally see within the mainstream of American
An Interlinear Translation
for the Tridentine Latin Mass
An interlinear translation for the tridentine Latin
Internet Sacred Text Archive
"This site is a freely available non-profit archive
of electronic texts about religion, mythology, legends
and folklore, and occult and esoteric topics. Texts
are presented in English translation and, in some
cases, in the original language. This site has no
particular agenda other than promoting religious
tolerance and scholarship. Views expressed here are
not ecessarily endorsed by the hosting organization (sacred-texts.com),
ISP or any sponsoring individuals or
organizations." This site has a dizzying number
of sources. See especially the Classical
(Greek & Roman) texts, and Judaism
Jainism: Jain Principles,
Tradition and Practices
Information about Jainism, a branch of Hinduism.
"This website contains the complete contents of the
12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, which was originally
published between 1901-1906. The Jewish Encyclopedia,
which recently became part of the public domain,
contains over 15,000 articles and illustrations.
This online version contains the unedited contents of
the original encyclopedia. Since the original work was
completed almost 100 years ago, it does not cover a
significant portion of modern Jewish History (e.g.,
the creation of Israel, the Holocaust, etc.). However,
it does contain an incredible amount of information
that is remarkably relevant today."
Liber Precum Publicarum
(1560) (The Book of Common Prayer)
The 1559 edition of The Book of Common Prayer
was translated into Latin in 1560. From The
of Common Prayer website. Hosted by
the Society of
Metalogos: The Gospels of
Thomas, Philip & Truth
The site includes Walter Ewing Crum's A Coptic
Dictionary and J.M. Plumley's Introductory
Monastic Matrix: Women's
Religious Communities 400 to 1600 C.E.
"Our goal is to document the participation of
Christian women in the religion and society of
medieval Europe. In particular, we aim to collect and
make available all existing data about all
professional Christian women in Europe between 400 and
1600 C.E." The site has primary & 2ndry
texts, images, biographies, a bibliography, and a
New Testament Greek
This site has links for the Greek Bible.
New Testament Greek
Greek New Testament
Septuagint (LXX) [The Greek Old Testament]
On Orthodox Life and Faith
Resources on Eastern Orthodox beliefs.
Thesaurus Precum Latinarum
(Treasury of Latin Prayers)
The Thesarus Precum Latinarumis a collection
of Latin prayers and Latin hymns with English
translations and brief commentaries. The commentaries
outline the origins, history and use of many of the
items with the prayers themselves being drawn from the
entire 2,000 year history of the Church. The
collection contains a wide range of items, such as
basic prayers (Gloria Patri, Pater noster, Ave Maria),
creeds, prayers before and after Mass, Eucharistic
Adoration, Litanies, Hymns, Little Offices, Marian
devotions, the Rosary, the Angelus, prayers to the
Angels and Saints, and prayers for various occasions.
The Unbound Bible
"The Unbound Bible is a collection of searchable
Bibles consisting of:
- 10 English versions including the
- Greek (LXX & NT) and Hebrew
Versions (the original Bible languages)
- 4 ancient versions
- 42 versions in other languages"
Vatican Web Sites
The Holy See. The primary
site for the Vatican. Has a lot of material.
The Holy See Archive.
Read the Catechism, the Code of Canon Law, the II
Vatican Council, and the Jubilee 2000.
Nova Vulgata. An on-line
edition of the Vulgate (Latin Bible) posted by the
Vatican. Part of the Archive
Vatican Radio English Site.
"VATICAN RADIO...more than 22.000 hours of
simultaneous broadcasting on different frequencies
including news, live reports religious celebrations,
in-depth programmes and music." One-O-Five
Live has programs entitled the
Lover. and the Chapel
the Annunciation for Latin lovers.
VulSearch 4 and the
Clementine Vulgate project
Search the Clementine Vulgate. The text looks
- Transcripts of important Greek manuscripts of
the New Testament
- New complete apparatus based on these